Neurology is a branch of medicine which deals with disorders and problems related to the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all types of neurological problems; this means diseases which affect the central as well as peripheral nervous systems, including their blood vessels, coverings, and the effector tissue. Central Nervous System (CNS) includes the brain and the spinal cord.
People with family history of neurological diseases should get periodic check-ups at a neurologist. Also, if you suffer from problems such as persistent headaches, cerebrovascular diseases, spinal cord disorders, speech and language disorder, seizures etc, a visit to a neurologist is must. If you have problems like infections of the brain and the peripheral nervous system, movement disorders like the Parkinson’s disease, problems of central nervous system like multiple sclerosis, you must remain under constant supervision of a neurologist.
Neurologists do not conduct any kind of surgery. They only help to diagnose and treat different problems of the brain and nervous system through medication. In case any of the patients need surgery, he/she has to consult a neurosurgeon.
The consultation fees of a neurologist usually begins at Rs 600/-. The cost of brain angiography varies from INR 9,000/- to INR 12,000/-. Cost of epilepsy surgery, which also includes hospitalisation, is roughly about INR 2.5 lakhs. The cost of brain tumour removal surgery is between Rs. 1,50,000/- and Rs. 2,00,000/-. It is a highly complicated process.
Neurologists treat a wide array of issues. The most common treatments provided by a neurologist are:
Treatment for seizure disorder: In case of epilepsy problems the patients are put on medication for a long period of time.
Lumbar Puncture: This involves inserting a needle in the spine and taking out spinal fluid for diagnosis.
Angiography: This procedure is carried out in order to determine the blockages in blood vessels that supply blood to the brain.
Treatment for Parkinson’s disease: A person with Parkinson’s is given several medications by a neurologist. Parkinson's disease can be diagnosed on the basis of medical history and a review of signs and symptoms of the patient.
Stroke Care: In order to treat ischemic stroke, doctors give medications which quickly restore blood flow to the brain. Therapy with clot-busting drugs need to start within 4.5 hours of stroke.