Weight loss due to diabetes
Why does weight loss happen in diabetes?
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Ms. Swati Kapoor
Dietitian/Nutritionist 5 yrs exp Bangalore

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Thank you for asking the question. Before answering the question, I will tell you a few points about diabetes. It is a condition in which your sugar levels are raised more than normal. There are three tests which you can perform to confirm the presence of this condition: a. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) - Normal is 70-120 mg/dl of glucose in blood. Anything more than that is considered as diabetes Post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) - Normal levels are from 120-160 mg/dl glucose in blood MOre than 200 mg/dl in two or more occasions is considered as diabetes Random blood sugar (RBS) - An RBS of > 200 mg/dl on more than an occasion is considered as diabetes (if you haven't got these checked, it is best you get them done as soon as possible). Now that you know about the criteria for occurrence of diabetes, I will tell about why this happens. Insulin is the substance responsible in your body to maintain the sugar levels. So, if there is less insulin you are more prone to acquire this condition. Insulin is produced by pancreas (which is an organ in the body responsible for regulating sugar levels) When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to maintain your sugar level, that is when you get diabetes. I hope you have now understood all that is just to brief you a little about diabetes. Now, answering your question depends upon how much weight you have lost in the past few months say 6-12 months. If you have lost more than 4.5 -5 kg of your body weight, then that is called unexplained weight loss. There are many conditions that can lead to unexplained weight loss. One such condition is diabetes. This is because of the insufficient insulin that prevents your body from getting the glucose from blood into the body cells for normal functioning as energy. When this occurs, the body starts burning fat and muscle for energy causing a reduction in the overall body weight. This is common problem with people having diabetes. If you haven't lost that much then you probably won’t have to worry much. If you have lost more than 5 kgs over the last 6-12 months, then it is best you consult a doctor. Just continue on your medications regularly and that will help you control your weight. And it is best that you get blood sugar levels checked once in three months to know if it in control or not. I hope you have got what you were looking for.
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