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The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer is Oncology. Medical doctors who are well trained and specialized in oncology are called oncologists. They evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients suffering from any type of cancer.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are few of the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an Oncologist:
The above qualifications are for the Orthopedic oncologist, Gynecologic oncologist, Medical oncologist, Radiation oncologist, Hematologic oncologist, Surgical oncologist, and Pediatric oncologist.
A healthy individual may visit Oncologist once in 2 years to check the presence of any cancerous cells in his/her body. A patient who is diagnosed with cancer should consult an Oncologist once in 3-4 months or as directed by the doctor.
If a person is suffering from symptoms of cancer or individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer should consult an Oncologist. Few of the diseases and medical conditions for which an individual should consult an Oncologist are:
Oncologists are doctors who diagnose and treat any type of cancer through medications, surgery, and radiation. Radiologists are doctors who diagnose and treat patient’s medical conditions using medical procedures like X-ray, MRI-scan, CT- scan, ultrasound, and medical imaging [radiology], etc. However, Radiation Oncologists can perform radiation treatment to treat cancer.
Depending on the type of blood cancer, Oncologists can plan an appropriate treatment course and helps to treat and cure blood cancer. One should follow all the instructions provided by an Oncologist.
The uncontrollable growth of cells in the lungs is called lung cancer. These diseases can be treated by oncologists through medications, surgery, and radiation and/or chemotherapy.
There are 3 types of Oncologists and they are Medical oncologists, Surgical Oncologists, and Radiation Oncologists, Surgical Oncologist can perform surgery to treat and cure cancer. Few of the surgeries performed during cancer treatment are: