Diagnostic Tests

Torch 4 Antibodies


Torch 4 Antibodies

Also known as Torch 4 Antibodies Elisa Blood
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What is this test?

Torch 4 Antibodies ELISA Blood Test is used to detect the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies against any four parameters which are suggestive of infection. This test helps to detect any 4 infections included in the panel that may occur in pregnant women (perinatal infections).

What is TORCH?

TORCH is an acronym for a group of infections that can occur in pregnant women. These perinatal infections may cause birth defects in their newborns. TORCH, sometimes also called as TORCHS, which stands for toxoplasmosis, other (HIV, viral hepatitis, varicella, parvovirus), rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, and syphilis.


  • It is a parasitic infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii that can be passed from mother to baby through the placenta during pregnancy.
  • It may result in a miscarriage or cause birth defects.
  • Symptoms that may occur in infected infants are vision loss, mental retardation, deafness, and/or seizures, etc.


  • It is the virus that causes German measles.
  • Infected Infants may show birth defects such as heart defects, vision problems, or delayed development, etc.


  • It can cause a viral infection that may pass to a baby during the birth process and can also infect newborns through breast milk.
  • May show birth defects such as hearing loss, epilepsy, and intellectual disability.

Herpes simplex:

  • It is a common viral infection
  • May show birth defects such as brain damage, breathing problems, and seizures.

Other diseases:

  • Other perinatal infections are HIV, Chickenpox, Viral hepatitis, Measles, Mumps, Epstein-Barr virus, and Syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease).
  • These infections can spread from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy or at the time of delivery.

Antibodies are produced when any foreign substance or virus or bacteria enters into the body. Detection of antibodies in the body may indicate the presence of infections. This test screen for the IgM and IgG antibodies. IgM antibodies are detected when there is an acute infection. IgG antibodies are detected when someone has had an infection in the past.

Why this test is performed?

This test is performed in pregnant women to detect the presence of any four suggestive infections included in the panel. Early identification and treatment of such perinatal infections may prevent birth defects in newborns. This test is performed as part of a routine test in women during her first prenatal visit. In pregnant women, your doctor may ask you to perform this test if he suspects any infections or if you exhibit any suggestive symptoms of infections included in the panel.

This test is also recommended to screen newborns for infections or infants who exhibit any signs or symptoms suggestive of infections. However, in case of a positive result, your doctor may ask to perform a few more additional tests to confirm the type of infection.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Torch 4 Antibodies. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Torch 4 Antibodies.

No specific preparation is required for this test.

Understanding your test results

If the test results are positive for pregnant women or detect the presence of antibodies in the blood, it may indicate that you are likely to have a current or recent infection covered in the screening. In newborns or infants, the positive result may indicate a current infection. In case of a positive result, your doctor may ask you to perform a few more additional tests to confirm the type of infection.

If the test results are negative in pregnant women, newborns, or infants; it may indicate that it is unlikely to have an infection. If your doctor strongly suspects any infections, even after negative results, other tests for the suspected infection will be performed.

Based on the test results, your doctor may advise appropriate medical treatments or further diagnostic tests.

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groupsAntibodies are present in positive cases
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