This test is used to find out whether the individual is infected with tuberculosis TB or not by using a sample of ascitic fluid.
What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis TB is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis MTB. Generally, TB affects the lungs and sometimes it can also affect other organs and parts of the body. MTB is airborne and can spread through the air from one person to another. Individuals who are suffering from TB may experience symptoms such as cough which lasts more than 2-3 weeks, cough with blood, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, weight loss, fever, night sweats, etc.
What is Ascitic fluid?
The protein-containing fluid present within the lining of the internal organs and abdomen is called as ascitic fluid. The condition in which excess of ascitic fluid is accumulated within the abdominal cavity is called ascites. This condition may be usually caused in diseases or conditions like liver cirrhosis, bacterial or fungal infections of the abdomen (peritonitis), advanced stages of cancer, liver or kidney failure, intestinal obstruction or ischemia, etc.
Why this test Is performed?
This test is performed to check the presence of tuberculosis DNA in the ascitic fluid of an individual. The doctor may ask you to undergo this test if you are suffering from symptoms such as long-lasting cough, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, weight loss, fever, etc.
If you are on treatment for tuberculosis, then the doctor may ask you to perform this test to evaluate and to check the effectiveness of the treatment and to check whether the bacterium is resistant to TB drugs such as rifampicin. Mostly, this test is done along with other tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Precautions: Some medications may change the test results and hence you are advised to inform all your current medications to the doctor prior to the test.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Tuberculosis GeneXpert PCR Ascitic Fluid. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Tuberculosis GeneXpert PCR Ascitic Fluid.
The test results may be different depending on gender, age, health conditions, and other factors.
If the test results are negative it may indicate that there is no Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA and an individual is not suffering from tuberculosis.
In case the test results are positive it may indicate that there is Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA and an individual is suffering from tuberculosis.
|MALE||All age groups||A positive result implies tuberculosis detection|
|FEMALE||All age groups||A positive result implies tuberculosis detection|