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Practo

Diagnostic Tests

Spermatozoa Random Urine

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Spermatozoa Random Urine

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What is this test?

Spermatozoa random urine test is used to detect the presence of spermatozoa in a urine sample collected randomly. This test helps to determine retrograde ejaculation, a condition that occurs when the semen enters the urinary bladder instead of moving out through the penis.

What are spermatozoa?

Spermatozoa is a moving form of the sperm cells. Sperm is a male cell that helps in sexual reproduction. It is produced in the male reproductive gland called testicles. A sperm after fusion with egg cell (female reproductive cell) helps in the development of a new organism. The normal sperm count is 40 million to 300 million and counts less than 10 million are considered as low sperm count. An ejaculate called semen is a liquid that contains sperm. Semen is a whitish liquid secreted by the male sexual glands and act as an environment hospitable to the sperm. This semen is ejaculated from the penis and travel through the female vaginal canal to the ovaries where the sperm cell gets fuse with an egg cell.

In some males, the semen enters into the urinary bladder instead of moving out through the penis during orgasm. This condition is known as retrograde ejaculation. Normally, a muscle at the opening of the urinary bladder called bladder neck muscle tightens to prevent semen from entering into the urinary bladder. In retrograde ejaculation, this muscle does not tighten properly and this allows the semen to enter the urinary bladder instead of being ejected out through the penis. Variety of conditions can cause this condition such as bladder neck surgery, nerve damage, or a side effect of certain medicines used to treat prostate disorders, high blood pressure, depression, etc.

Even though this condition is not harmful, but it can lead to fertility issues in males. The semen goes into the urinary bladder resulting in very little or no semen out of your penis. When an individual is not able to ejaculate properly, it leads to dry orgasms. Therefore males who have retrograde ejaculation may show the presence of spermatozoa in the urine. The urine which contains spermatozoa may appear as cloudy after orgasm.

Why this test is performed?

This test is performed in males to detect the presence of spermatozoa in the urine. Your doctor may ask to perform this test if he suspects a retrograde ejaculation or if you experience any symptoms of retrograde ejaculation such as dry orgasms, cloudy urine after orgasm, etc. This test is also recommended when other male fertility tests are not clear. You may also be advised to perform this test when you have a fertility problem or if your partner is having trouble becoming pregnant. However, in case of a positive result, your doctor may ask to perform a few more additional tests to determine the exact cause for the presence of spermatozoa in the urine.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Spermatozoa Random Urine. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Spermatozoa Random Urine.

No specific preparation is required for this test. However, follow all the instructions given by your healthcare provider.

Understanding your test results

The test results may vary depending on gender, age, health conditions, and other factors.

If the test result is positive or shows the presence of spermatozoa in the urine, this may indicate that you are likely to have retrograde ejaculation. However, your doctor may ask to perform a few more additional tests to confirm the presence of retrograde ejaculation.

If the test result is negative or no spermatozoa are detected in the urine sample, this may indicate that you are unlikely to have retrograde ejaculation. If you have fertility issues and still if you get a negative test result your doctor may ask to perform a few more additional tests to determine the cause for the fertility issues.

Based on the test results, your doctor may advise appropriate medical treatments or further diagnostic tests.

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