Diagnostic Tests

Rapid Malarial Parasites Hrp Ii Antigen Blood


Rapid Malarial Parasites Hrp Ii Antigen Blood

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What is this test?

Rapid Malarial Parasites HRP II Antigen BLOOD test is used to measure the concentration of malarial antigen (toxin) -Histidine-rich protein II(HRP-II) in the blood sample of an individual. This test helps in planning and monitoring the treatment of malaria and can be done on a sample of blood or saliva of an individual.

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease and caused by Plasmodium parasites. The disease is transferred from the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The Plasmodium species that infect humans are Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium falciparum. The average time from the infection to the onset of symptoms of malaria is called the incubation period. The usual incubation period is 7-30 days after the parasite enters into the red blood cells. The malarial parasite multiplies within the red blood cells in 48-72 hours post mosquito bite. The multiplication of the malarial parasites within the red blood cells leads to the rupture of red blood cells and causing the symptoms of malaria.

The common symptoms of malaria are fever with chills, sweating, body pains, headaches, feeling discomfort, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, jaundice in some conditions, etc.

The symptoms cannot be seen for at least 7 days after the infection and in some cases even after 14 days of infection. Some malarial parasites like Plasmodium falciparum can cause severe malaria and which may be life-threatening and can affect the brain, lungs, and kidneys leading to conditions like seizures, confusion, coma, acute respiratory distress, multi-organ failure, and death.

Why this test is performed? This test may be recommended to you if you experience symptoms like fever and chills, nausea and vomiting, sweating profusely, body pains, muscle aches, headaches, discomfort, diarrhea, anemia, jaundice, etc.

This test may also be recommended if you are already diagnosed with malaria and on treatment, to check the effectiveness of the antimalarial medicines. Your doctor may ask you to undergo this test if you have recently visited a malaria-prone area and started getting a fever.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Rapid Malarial Parasites Hrp Ii Antigen Blood. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Rapid Malarial Parasites Hrp Ii Antigen Blood.

Understanding your test results

The normal test results may vary depending on age, health history, medical condition, etc.

If your test results show positive then you may be infected with the malarial parasite.

If your test results show negative then you may not be present with the malarial infection and might require further diagnostic tests to rule out the symptoms,

Please consult your doctor with the test results, your doctor may suggest the relevant treatments and further diagnostic tests if necessary.

GenderAge groupsValue
MALEAll age groupsMalaria Parasite is detected in positive cases
FEMALEAll age groupsMalaria Parasite is detected in positive cases
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