Four species of the Plasmodium protozoa are considered true parasites of humans as they use humans almost exclusively as a natural intermediate host: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae. Malaria today is usually restricted to tropical and subtropical areas and altitudes below 1,500 m., although in the past malaria was endemic in much of North America, Europe and even parts of northern Asia, and today is still present on the Korean peninsula. However, this present distribution could be affected by climatic changes and population movements. P. falciparum is the most prevalent species and responsible for the most morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early detect is of paramount importance due to the incidence of cerebral malaria and drug resistance. Malarial infections caused by P. falciparum are the most likely to progress to severe, potentially fatal forms with central nervous system involvement (cerebral malaria), acute renal failure, severe anemia, or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Malaria is a parasitic disease that is passed from one human to another by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito with one of four protozoan parasites: Plasmodium falciparum, vivax, malariae or ovale. The parasites enter the bloodstream and infect red blood cells where they multiply and infect more red blood cells. Symptoms usually occur 10 days to 4 weeks after infection and include anemia, high fevers, shaking chills, muscle pain, and nausea. Antimalarial agents used to treat malaria include Quinine, Quinidine, Mefloquine, Chloroquine, and Hydroxychloroquine. The effectiveness of the agents depends on which phase or phases of the Plasmodium life cycle is interrupted. In most cases, treatment outcome is expected to be good except in cases of a p. falciparum infection. Adverse effects from antimalaria medications include vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, cardiac arrhythmias, EKG abnormalities, deafness, damage to liver and kidney and muscle weakness.
No special preparation is needed for Plasmodium Falciparum Antigen Chromatography Blood. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing Plasmodium Falciparum Antigen Chromatography Blood. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.
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