This test is used to detect and evaluate glandular fever (mononucleosis). This disease is often caused by Epstein-Barr Virus(EBV). This disease often causes strep throat, swelling of lymph nodes and glands in the neck. This test is done on a sample of blood to identify the presence of an active EBV infection.
What is Mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis is a type of fever which is characterized by fever, swollen lymph nodes, strep throat, etc. Mononucleosis is caused by Epstein- Barr virus(EBV). The infection can be transferred from one person to another through saliva. Due to the mode of transmission, this disease is often called the kissing disease. The symptoms of the disease often last for 2-4 weeks. The major symptoms of this illness include fever, strep throat, swollen tonsils, lymph nodes, swollen spleen, fever, fatigue, general weakness. The illness is self-limiting, antibiotic medicines do not work as the infection is caused by a virus, plenty of fluids and sufficient rest during the course of the illness are necessary
What is Paul Bunnell Monospot test?
Monospot test or mononuclear test is used to detect the specific antibodies released in the response of an active EBV (Epstein -Barr Virus ) Infection.
Why is this test recommended?
The test is adviced by the doctor if an individual is suffering from certain signs and symptoms like swollen lymph nodes, fever, extreme weakness, strep throat, decreased willingness to eat (appetite), muscle and body pains, difficulty swallowing, enlarged or soft spleen, etc.
Your doctor may recommend this test along with other diagnostic tests if an individual is suffering from diseases like mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, Human immunodeficiency virus or any other viral illnesses.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Paul Bunnell. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Paul Bunnell.
The normal reference range may be different depending on gender, age, health conditions, and other factors.
If your test results are positive it may indicate the presence of infection in the body. The presence of infection in the blood may indicate that you have mononucleosis.
If your test results are negative, it may indicate the absence of the infection in the body.
If you get abnormal test results, consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may recommend other tests depending on your test results.
|MALE||All age groups||Heterophile Antibodies are detected in infected patients|
|FEMALE||All age groups||Heterophile Antibodies are detected in infected patients|