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Practo

Diagnostic Tests

N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies

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N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies

Also known as N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies Elisa Blood
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What is this test?

N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies Blood Test is used to diagnose encephalitis caused by Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. This test is also used to monitor the treatment given for encephalitis.

What is encephalitis?

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a condition in which the body produces the antibodies which act against the receptors in the brain. This is an autoimmune condition which results in both psychiatric and neurologic symptoms. The most common symptoms seen in this condition is seizures, confusion, personality change, abnormal movements, autoimmune dysfunction, psychosis, memory loss, etc. In this condition patient’s behavior changes and starts imagining things that aren’t there, develops strange beliefs or appear agitated, etc. Typically 10 to 20 days later, the patient starts developing movement disorder, variations in heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and sometimes may become unconsciousness. The movement disorder often includes continuous twitching of face and limbs.

Why this test is recommended?

This test may be recommended to you if you are suspected to have anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. If you experience symptoms like seizures, abnormal movements, memory loss, confusion, personality change, behavioral changes, etc then this test may be recommended. This test may also be performed to check the effectiveness of the treatment given for encephalitis.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies.

No specific preparation is required for this test.

Understanding your test results

If your test results show positive then it may indicate the presence of the N Methyl D Aspartate Receptor Antibodies in your body.

If your test results are negative then it may not rule out a diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis. Hence consult your doctor after receiving your test reports for further diagnosis or medical intervention.

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groups< 1:10 is considered as negative
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