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Practo

Diagnostic Tests

HIV Tridot Test

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HIV Tridot Test

Also known as Hiv Tridot Test Immunoassay Blood
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What is this test?

HIV Tridot Test Immunoassay blood test uses a sample of blood from an individual to detect HIV infection. This is a sensitive and rapid diagnostic test used to detect the HIV1 &2 antibodies in serum and blood using specific HIV-1 and HIV-2 antigens.

What is Tridot Immunoassay?

Immunoassay tests are the types of tests which depend on the reaction of antigen and antibodies. The human body produces antibodies in response to the specific disease-causing factors. These factors can be bacteria, viruses, foreign particles, etc. They can be called antigens as a whole. There are types of diagnostic procedures which use this technique to detect infections caused by various organisms. The tests can be used for screening and confirming the disease. The types of immunoassay are ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunoabsorbent Assay), Radio Immunoassay(RIA), Line immunofluorescence assay, Western blotting method, Tridot Immunoassay etc.

The Tridot Immunoassay is easy to perform, a rapid and sensitive screening test used to detect and differentiate HIV-1&2 from a sample of serum or blood. This test is commercially available and its sensitivity is close to ELISA tests. The testing kit contains a strip of nitrocellulose paper which is added with viral antigens obtained from cell cultures of HIV 1&2. When a sample of serum or blood is introduced to the spotted areas containing the antigens, a coloured response is obtained.

Why this test is recommended?

This test may be recommended to you if you had unprotected sex or shared needles and wanted to know if you contracted HIV. If you are already diagnosed by HIV, to check the progression of the infection this test may be recommended and if you are on the HIV therapy to evaluate the treatment. This test is also recommended during pregnancy to find out whether you have HIV.

This test may also be recommended if you experience symptoms like fever, headache, sore throat, dry cough and tiredness for a long time, swollen lymph nodes, muscle aches, joint pains, skin rashes, itching, red breakouts, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, sweating at night, etc.

Precautions:

This test results may be altered if you have had a vaccine like a flu shot or present with an active infection. This test is not recommended for at least 4 weeks after vaccination or infection.

Frequency:

This test should be done every 3-4 months during long term therapy. If your treatment is effective and your condition is progressive then it is done every 4-6 months.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your HIV Tridot Test. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for HIV Tridot Test.

No specific preparation is required for this test.

Understanding your test results

The test results may vary depending on health history, condition, etc.

Positive test results indicate an active HIV infection, if you are already on treatment then it means the treatment is not working efficiently or you may develop immunity problems related to AIDS. If the test results in patients with a known history of HIV infection is undetectable or negative, it means there are very fewer copies of the virus in the blood than the test can measure. This doesn’t mean the infection is cured, the virus is still in the body but in small traces.

If you get abnormal test results, consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may recommend other tests depending on your results.

GenderAge groupsValue
MALEAll age groupsHIV 1 antibodies detected in positive cases
FEMALEAll age groupsHIV 1 antibodies detected in positive cases
MALEAll age groupsHIV 2 antibodies detected in positive cases
FEMALEAll age groupsHIV 2 antibodies detected in positive cases
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