Diagnostic Tests

Culture And Sensitivity Anaerobic Peritoneal Fluid


Culture And Sensitivity Anaerobic Peritoneal Fluid

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What is this test?

Peritoneal fluid may be cultured to test the sensitivity of the bacteria which may be the reason for infections. This test helps in diagnosing the cause of peritonitis (inflammation of peritoneum) or ascites (accumulation of fluid). Peritoneal fluid is present in between the layers of peritoneum. It is a layer that surrounds the abdominal wall. The peritoneal fluid acts as a lubricant in the abdominal cavity. It moistens the outside of the organs and helps in reducing the friction between the organs at the time of digestion and movement. This test is performed on the peritoneal fluid collected by your healthcare provider. If there is a growth of bacteria in the culture, then it may be the reason for the peritonitis or ascites.

What are peritonitis and ascites?

Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneum, the layer that covers the abdominal wall and most of its organs. This inflammation of peritoneum is the due to viral or bacteria or fungal infections. This can be due to an abdominal injury, an underlying medical condition or a treatment device like a dialysis catheter or feeding tube. Ascites is the accumulation of protein-containing fluid within the abdomen. This condition is usually seen when the liver stops working properly. This fluid fills the space between the lining of the abdomen and the organs. The main reason for ascites is any liver problem or liver failure.

What are anaerobic bacteria?

Anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that can not survive in the presence of oxygen. Some of the examples of anaerobic bacteria are Staphylococcus, E.Coli, Clostridium, Actinomyces, Acetobacterium, etc. The growth of anaerobic bacteria causes anaerobic infections. Anaerobic infections can occur when deep tissues are injured or exposed. This can occur due to surgery or trauma, etc. The risk factors of getting an anaerobic infection are diabetes, a weak immune system, low blood flow, staph infection, open wounds, etc. The common symptoms of anaerobic infection are smelly discharge, pus-filled abscess, discoloration of the infected area, etc.

Why this test is performed?

This test may be recommended to you if you experience unusual fluid build up in the abdomen, tenderness in your abdomen, abdominal bloating, pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, minimal urine output, loss of appetite, tiredness, excessive thirst, fever, chills, etc.

This test may be specially performed to check if the infection is due to anaerobic bacteria or not. This test is also recommended to plan the treatment according to the type of bacteria. The test is also recommended to check the effectiveness of the treatment given.

Also known as C/S Anaerobic Peritoneal Fluid.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Culture And Sensitivity Anaerobic Peritoneal Fluid. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Culture And Sensitivity Anaerobic Peritoneal Fluid.

No specific preparation is required for this peritoneal fluid culture and sensitivity test.

Understanding your test results

The normal test results may vary depending on age, health history, medical condition, etc.

If your test results show negative it means there is no growth of anaerobic bacteria.

If your test results show positive it may indicate that you may have an anaerobic bacterial infection in the peritoneal region.

If you get abnormal test results, consult your doctor immediately with your lab test reports.

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groupsThe growth depends on the infecting organism. Clearing around the disc indicates organism is sensitive to antibiotic
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