Random Urine culture and sensitivity is a technique predominantly used to test the sensitivity of the aerobic bacteria, which can infect the urinary tract in the body. This test is done on both males and females to find out whether the urinary tract is infected by a bacteria or not.
What are Urinary Tract, Bacteria, Aerobic Bacteria, and their types?
The urinary tract is the human body’s drainage system of eliminating removing urine and the wastes present in the urine. It includes two kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
Bacteria are the single-celled micro-organisms that can live within the soil, in the ocean and also inside the human gut. They have a number of shapes such as spirals, rods, and spheres etc. Some bacteria can cause illness to the human body and some other plays a major role in the overall functioning of our ecosystem.
Aerobic bacteria are the bacteria which can survive in the presence of oxygen only. In the absence of oxygen, aerobic bacteria cannot survive and can die. Some of the aerobic bacteria are Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Nocardia, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis etc.
What is Urinary Tract Infection?
Urinary Tract Infection UTI is an infection caused by bacteria. UTi can occur anywhere in the urinary tract like kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
Why this test is performed?
This test is performed to check if an individual urinary tract is infected by an aerobic bacteria or not. This test may be recommended to you by a physician if you experience symptoms such as burning sensation while urination, bloody urine, cloudy urine, rectal pain in men, pelvic pain in women, urine that smells bad, increased urination, pain in bladder and lower abdomen, vaginal irritation, fatigue, fever, dark urine etc.
This test also helps the doctors to plan the treatment according to the type of bacteria, that infects the urinary tract. The test is also performed to check the effectiveness of the treatment.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Culture and Sensitivity Urine. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Culture and Sensitivity Urine.
Generally, there is no preparation for this test, but you may be instructed not to urinate for at least one hour before the test and/or to drink a glass of water 15-20 minutes before sample collection. A sample will be collected randomly at any time in a day.
The test results may vary depending on age, health history, medical condition, etc.
If your test results are negative, then it may indicate that there are no signs of growth of aerobic bacteria.
If your test results are positive, then it may indicate there is a chance for growth of aerobic bacteria, which means that the urinary tract has been infected by an aerobic bacteria.
If abnormal test results were seen, consult your doctor immediately with your lab test reports.
|UNISEX||All age groups||The growth depends on the infecting organism. Clearing around the disc indicates organism is sensitive to antibiotic|