CD64 is a type of integral membrane glycoprotein known as an Fc receptor that binds monomeric IgG-type antibodies with high affinity. It is more commonly known as Fc-gamma receptor 1 (FcRI). After binding IgG, CD64 interacts with an accessory chain known as the common chain ( chain), which possesses an ITAM motif that is necessary for triggering cellular activation. Structurally CD64 is composed of a signal peptide that allows its transport to the surface of a cell, three extracellular immunoglobulin domains of the C2-type that it uses to bind antibody, a hydrophobic transmembrane domain, and a short cytoplasmic tail. CD64 is constitutively found on only macrophages and monocytes, but treatment of polymorphonuclear leukocytes with cytokines like IFN and G-CSF can induce CD64 expression on these cells. The expression of CD64 (Fcgamma receptor) is increased in neutrophils from an almost negligible value to a marked level in patients with bacterial infections. CD64 expression on neutrophils might therefore be useful to differentiate between bacterial and viral infections in young children. We evaluated the usefulness of CD64 as a marker for the diagnosis of bacterial infections in children up to the age of 3 years and its ability to differentiate between bacterial and viral infections.
No special preparation is needed for Cd 64 Immunohistochemistry Bone Marrow. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing Cd 64 Immunohistochemistry Bone Marrow. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.
|UNISEX||All age groups||Test is positive if the conditions listed are detected|