CD33 is a transmembrane protein that is a member of the sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lactic (Siglec) family. The exact function of CD33 is not known, but it may be involved in cell to cell adhesion. It is not expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, but is expressed on maturing myelomonocytic cells. As granulocytes mature, there is progressive down regulation of CD33. Monocytes and macrophage/histiocytic cells maintain strong expression of CD33. In normal bone marrow, weak to moderate CD33 staining is seen on granulocytic and monocytic precursors, with strong staining in scattered mast cells. CD33 staining is useful for diagnosis of myeloid neoplasms and classification of acute leukemias. A therapeutic antibody targeting CD33 (gemtuzumab/Myelotarg) is available.
No special preparation is needed for CD 33. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing CD 33. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.
|UNISEX||All age groups||Test is positive if the condition listed are detected|