Diagnostic Tests

Cbc With Esr Automated Blood


Cbc With Esr Automated Blood

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What is this test?

CBC With ESR Automated Blood is a combination of two tests. The complete blood count or CBC in short measures the number of each type of component present in the blood. They include Red blood cells (RBC), White blood cells (WBC), Platelets (PLTs), Hemoglobin (Hb) and Hematocrit in the blood.

While ESR (Erythrocyte sedimentation rate) is used to measure the amount of time taken for the red blood cells to settle down in a test tube. In the Westergren test, the ESR of the blood is found out by using a calibrated instrument called the Westergren tube. ESR test is used to detect any presence of inflammation in the body. The inflammation can be due to infections, trauma, injury, autoimmune disorders etc. However, this test does not specify the exact cause of inflammation.

What are Blood cells, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, and ESR?

Blood is composed of cells and necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen needed for the health. The blood cells are produced in bone marrow and are released into the blood. It provides nutrients and helps in the transport of gases within cells and tissues.

The three main types of blood cells are:

Red Blood Cells (RBC):

  • Red blood cells contain a complex protein called hemoglobin. It carries oxygen to the body's organs and tissues from the lungs.

White Blood Cells (WBC):

  • White blood cells also called leukocytes that help to protect the body against infections and foreign invaders, thus an important part of our immune system.
  • These cells are originated from bone marrow but circulate throughout the bloodstream.

Platelets (PLTs):

  • Platelets are the smallest blood cells that help the blood to clot during bleeding.

Hemoglobin and Hematocrit are the other two important substances in the blood. Hemoglobin is a complex protein found in red blood cells. It carries oxygen to the body's organs and tissues from the lungs. It also transports carbon dioxide from the body back to the lungs. Hematocrit is the percentage of red blood cell found in the whole blood.

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate is a blood test that measures the rate at which the red blood cells sediment at the bottom of a test tube in an hour. Normally, the red blood cells settle down very gradually at the bottom of the test tube. But in the case of inflammation, the cells clump together and become denser. This makes the cells to quickly settle to the bottom of a test tube.

Why this test is performed?

This test is performed as part of a routine check-up to monitor the overall health of an individual. Your doctor may ask to perform this test to diagnose or to screen for diseases and conditions such as anemia, infections, cancer or any bleeding disorder. This test is also recommended by your doctor if you experience signs and symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath, headache, dizziness, pale skin, cold hands, and feet, etc. These are some of the common signs and symptoms which may be associated with anemia or polycythemia.

You may be advised to undergo this test if you are pregnant, have a family history of anemia, are suffering from an infection, have had blood loss after surgery, are suffering from heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding, etc. This test is also performed to monitor the treatment response in individuals receiving treatment for diseases or conditions that affect blood cells.

How often this test is performed?

If you have a family history of blood disorders or conditions that affect blood cells like viral, bacterial, and fungal infections, anemia, certain medications, diseases of the heart, liver or kidneys, certain medications etc or your doctor may ask you to perform this test on a 6-monthly basis or a yearly basis. Anemic patients should perform this test on a regular basis, or as instructed by the doctor.

Pathology test parameters: ESR (Erythrocyte sedimentation rate), Red blood cells (RBC), White blood cells (WBC), Platelets (PLTs), Hemoglobin (Hb) and Hematocrit (Hct).

Also known as Complete Blood Count with ESR Automated Blood, CBC With ESR Automated, Complete Count with ESR Automated.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Cbc With Esr Automated Blood. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Cbc With Esr Automated Blood.

No specific preparation is necessary for this test.

Understanding your test results

The test results may be different depending on gender, age, health conditions, and other factors. Generally, there is no need for medical interventions if test results are in the normal range.

If the parameters of CBC With ESR Automated BLOOD test are not in the recommended normal reference range, then it may indicate that there may be a chances for abnormalities in the blood or you may be suffering from conditions related to blood such as anemia, bleeding disorders, infections like malaria, dengue, fever, heart or lung diseases etc.

Based on the test results, your doctor may advise you appropriate medical treatments, lifestyle modifications, or further diagnostic tests, etc.

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groups4000 to 11000 cells
UNISEXAll age groups40-80%
UNISEXAll age groups20-40%
UNISEXAll age groups2-10%
UNISEXAll age groups1-2%
UNISEXAll age groups1-6%
MALEAll age groups4.32-5.72 million/mcL
FEMALEAll age groups3.9-5.03 million/mcL
MALEAll age groups40.7-50.3%
FEMALEAll age groups36.1 to 44.3%
MALEAll age groups13.8-17.2 gm/dl
FEMALEAll age groups12.5-15.1g/dl
UNISEXAll age groups80-95fl
UNISEXAll age groups27-31 PG/cell
UNISEXAll age groups32-36G/DL
UNISEXAll age groups11.5 - 14.5%
UNISEXAll age groups7.5 - 11.5 fL
UNISEXAll age groups150000-400000 cells/dl
UNISEXAll age groups0-10 mm/hr
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