Cancer marker profile (Stomach) Monoclonal Antibody Blood is used to detect whether an individual is having stomach cancer or not.
What are Stomach and Stomach cancer?
The stomach is a muscular organ that is located on the left side of the upper abdomen. It receives food and secretes the enzymes and acid that digests the food. Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer in which the cells in the lining of the stomach grows uncontrollably and cause severe problems like inflammation of the lining of the stomach, vomiting, pain in abdomen and stomach.
What is CEA, CA 19-9, and CA 72-4?
A tumor marker is a substance produced by the body in the presence of cancer or cancer itself can make tumor markers. Some of the tumor markers are specific to one cancer and some are seen in different types of cancers.
Carcinoembryonic antigen CEA is a protein generally produced in the gastrointestinal tissue during fetal development. But, its production is stopped before the birth of a child. So, CEA levels in the blood of healthy adults are very low. The Carcinoembryonic Antigen CEA can be used as tumor markers for stomach, pancreatic, lung, gastric and breast cancers.CEA attaches to the plasma membrane of tumor cells and gets released into the blood.
Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 CA 19-9 is a type of antigen released by the pancreatic cancer cells. It can be used to differentiate cancer and other diseases of the glands.
Cancer Antigen 72-4 CA 72-4 is a type of antigen release by the recurrent tumours of the lung, breast, ovaries and gastrointestinal tract.
Why this test is performed?
This test is performed to find whether an individual is having stomach cancer or not. Your doctor may ask to perform this test if you experience any signs and symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing, frequent burping, heartburn, pain in stomach, decreased blood levels, lack of energy etc.
This test is recommended by the physician to check the effectiveness of the treatment of stomach cancer. This also helps the physician to plan the treatment for an individual who is having stomach cancer.
Pathology Test Parameters: This test includes the following parameters:- CA 19-9, CEA, and CA 72-4
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Cancer Marker Profile (Stomach) Monoclonal Antibody Blood. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Cancer Marker Profile (Stomach) Monoclonal Antibody Blood.
No specific preparation is required for this test. However, follow all the instructions given by the healthcare provider.
The normal reference range may vary depending on gender, age, health history, etc.
If your test results show high levels of CA 19-9, CEA, and CA 72-4 than the given normal reference range, it may indicate that the person is most likely to have stomach cancer and also indicates that the treatment is not working well.
If your test results are lower or in the normal range, it may indicate that the person is unlikely to have stomach cancer or may indicate that the treatment is working well.
Based on the test results, your doctor may advise appropriate medical treatments, lifestyle modifications, or further diagnostic tests.
|UNISEX||All age groups||< 3 nanograms/ml|
|UNISEX||All age groups||0-37 U/ml|
|UNISEX||All age groups||4 < 7U/ml|