The toxicity of cadmium resembles the other heavy metals (arsenic, mercury, and lead) in that it attacks the kidney; renal dysfunction with proteinuria with slow onset (over a period of years) is the typical presentation. Measurable changes in proximal tubule function, such as decreased clearance of para-aminohippuric acid also occur over a period of years, and precede overt renal failure. The most common source of chronic exposure comes from spray painting of organic-based paints without use of a protective breathing apparatus; auto repair mechanics represent a susceptible group for cadmium toxicity. Another common source of cadmium exposure is tobacco smoke, which has been implicated as the primary source of the metal leading to reproductive toxicity in both males and females. The concentration of cadmium in the kidneys and in the urine is elevated in some patients exposed to cadmium.
No special preparation is needed for Cadmium Random Urine. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing Cadmium Random Urine. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.
|UNISEX||All age groups||< 1.2mcg/g creatinine|