This test is used to detect bile salts present in the urine. Bile is a yellowish-green fluid produced by the liver. It plays a role in the digestion and absorption of fats and cholesterol from food.
What is bile?
It is a type of digestive enzyme produced by the liver, bile plays a role in the emulsification of fats and cholesterol from food to facilitate better fat absorption. Generally, bile salts are not found in the urine. Upon conditions like liver damage or biliary obstruction can lead to an increase in the blood concentration of bile acids in blood which are excreted through urine. Cholestasis, an increased concentration of bile salts and bile acids can cause itching of the skin (Pruritus), blood levels of bile are also found to be increased in other diseases like liver cirrhosis, liver damage, biliary obstruction, primary biliary cirrhosis, cholestatic syndrome, jaundice etc.
Why is this test recommended?
Your doctor may recommend this test if you experience signs or symptoms like jaundice, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, the yellowish colouration of eyes and skin, weakness, etc. This test is recommended by the doctor if an individual is suffering from diseases or conditions like liver diseases, biliary cirrhosis, sclerosing cholangitis, Intrahepatic cholestasis during pregnancy, hereditary cholestatic syndrome, etc.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Bile Salts Urine. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Bile Salts Urine.
No specific test preparations are necessary for this test.
Generally, Bilirubin is not found in urine. Detection of bilirubin in urine indicates the presence of certain pathological conditions like during jaundice or because of liver damage, Bile salts are detected in the urine to diagnose liver damage or diseases.
|MALE||All age groups||Normally absent|
|FEMALE||All age groups||Normally absent|