Beta-2-Microglobulin (B2M) is a low molecular weight protein that forms the light chain component of the histocompatibility antigen. It is synthesized by all nucleated cell types. It is an integral part of the class I MHC antigens and is present in all body fluids. B2M is filtered through the glomeruli of the kidney and is then reabsorbed and catabolised by the proximal tubular cells. In normal patients only trace amounts of B2M appear in the urine. Elevated urine B2M is seen in tubulo-interstitial disorders. Increased urine B2M is seen in cadmium exposure, diatrizoate, exercise, fever, nephrectomy, semen. There is evidence that monitoring B2M levels in HIV-infected individuals offers an independent predictor of progression to AIDS, leukemia and lymphoma.
No special preparation is needed for B2M Random Urine. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing B2M Random Urine. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.
|UNISEX||All age groups||0 - 0.3 microgram/ml|