Antimony is a silvery white metal that is used in alloys for lead batteries, solder, sheet metal, bearings, castings, ammunition, and pewter. It is also used for pigments, abrasives, flame-proofing fabrics, and in medications (ie, sodium stibogluconate Pentostam, which is used to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis). Antimony typically enters the environment during mining, processing of ores, emissions from coal-burning power plants, and production of alloys. Exposure to antimony can occur through inhalation, ingestion, or dermal contact with soil, water, foods, or medications that contain it. In the workplace, exposure is usually via inhalation. Absorption of antimony through the lungs may take days to weeks. Absorption of antimony from ingestion typically enters the blood within a few hours. The amount and form of the antimony affects how much is absorbed. Once in the blood, antimony is then distributed to the liver, lungs, intestines, and spleen. Elimination is primarily through the urine over several weeks. The half-life varies with the chemical form. Trivalent antimony is primarily bound to erythrocytes, while pentavalent antimony is primarily found in plasma, which makes whole blood the preferred specimen to analyze for acute intoxication. Whole blood concentrations in healthy subjects not exposed to antimony averaged 0.7 mcg/L and usually don’t exceed 2 mcg/L.(3) In battery plant workers, median blood antimony concentrations of 2.6 mcg/L were found in metal casters and 10 mcg/L in metal formers.
Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Antimony Blood Icpms Blood. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Antimony Blood Icpms Blood.
1 mL blood collected in an EDTA trace metal-free tube
|UNISEX||All age groups||< 2.0 ng/ml Negative (Unexposed)|