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Practo

Diagnostic Tests

Allergy Gluten Fluorescence Assay Skin

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Allergy Gluten Fluorescence Assay Skin

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What is this test?

Allergy gluten fluorescence assay skin test is used to test the sensitization of your skin to gluten. This test helps to know the immune response of the body towards the gluten-containing foods. In this test, your skin is slightly pricked and introduced to a small amount of a liquid containing gluten.

What is a gluten allergy?

A gluten allergy is an allergic reaction to the gluten. This allergy can occur from food containing gluten. Common food containing gluten are wheat, bread, barley, wheat berries, pasta, cereals, cakes, cookies, malted milk or milkshakes etc. This is very common in children. If you have a family history of allergies or allergic diseases, such as asthma or wheat allergy, then you are at high risk of developing a gluten allergy.

Gluten is a major group of proteins found in wheat, rye, and barley. Gluten consists of two proteins namely glutenin and gliadin. Among these two proteins, gliadin is responsible for the negative reactions in the body. Most of the people are free from a gluten allergy.

An individual who is allergic to gluten when gets exposed to it, their immune system produces antibodies against these proteins. The signs and symptoms of a gluten allergy are red, itchy bumps, foggy brain, pounding headaches, depression, anxiety, pins, and needles problem in the hands and feet etc. These symptoms can be completely avoided if you have a gluten-free or wheat-free lifestyle. Individuals who have a gluten allergy may not cause immediate symptoms but lead to damage of intestines.

Most of the people are free from a gluten allergy. Individuals with a health condition called celiac disease may have a gluten allergy. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder, where the body causes an abnormal immune response to gluten. Individuals with this condition when they take gluten-containing foods can lead to damage of intestines. The signs and symptoms of celiac disease in children are constipation, stomach pain, severe diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, pale colored and foul stool. Adults with celiac disease may show signs and symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, joint pain, missed menstrual periods, infertility, miscarriages, tingling in the hands and feet, etc.

Some individuals who do not have celiac disease also may be allergic to gluten. This condition is called non-celiac gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance. Individuals with gluten sensitivity may also exhibit similar signs and symptoms as of celiac disease. The signs and symptoms of gluten sensitivity are red, itchy bumps, foggy brain, pounding headaches, stomach bloating, fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, rashes, depression, anxiety, pins, and needles problem in the hands and feet etc.

Why this test is performed?

This test is performed when you are suspected to have a gluten allergy or gluten sensitivity. Your doctor may ask to perform this test if you experience signs and symptoms of gluten allergy such as red, itchy bumps, foggy brain, pounding headaches, stomach bloating, fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, rashes, depression, anxiety, pins, and needles problem in the hands and feet etc.

This test may also be performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment, if already diagnosed.

Test Preparation

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Allergy Gluten Fluorescence Assay Skin. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Allergy Gluten Fluorescence Assay Skin.

No specific preparation is required for this test. However, follow all the instructions given by the healthcare provider.

Understanding your test results

After getting exposed to gluten proteins if you develop hives or reddish spots on the skin within 15 - 20 minutes, or a wheal or flare reaction (immediate reaction to an allergen) at the test location that is at least 3 mm of size may indicate that you have a gluten allergy.

If there is no reaction or hives present on the skin after getting exposed to the gluten proteins then it may indicate that you are not allergic to gluten.

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groupsA wheal and flare reaction of atleast 3mm indicates that the patient is allergic to the substance
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