Diagnostic Tests

Allergy Ampicillin Enzyme Assay Skin


Allergy Ampicillin Enzyme Assay Skin

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What is this test?

Ampicillin (AMP) is a drug that has been prescribed extensively. Reactions that have been reported include exanthema, desquamative contact eczema, urticaria and anaphylaxis. Experimental evidence indicates that the side chain of AMP is a structure that may induce a selective immune response either at the humoral or lymphocyte T-cell level. With regard to IgE reactions, the selectivity and specificity of the response needs to be studied in humans. Subjects developing an immediate response (anaphylaxis or urticaria) after the administration of AMP or an aminopenicillin derivative with the same side chain as AMP were studied. Skin tests were made to determinants generated from benzyl penicillin (BP): benzyl penicilloyl (BPO) and minor determinant mixture (MDM), as well as amoxicillin (AX) and AMP. Specific IgE antibodies were determined to benzyl penicilloyl polylisine (BPO-PLL), amoxicilloyl-polylisine (AX-PLL) and ampicilloyl-polylisine (AMP-PLL). The specificity of the IgE antibody response was studied by RAST and RAST inhibition. Subjects were classified in three categories: group A: those who were skin test and/or RAST positive to determinants derived from benzylpenicillin, group B: those who were negative to determinants derived from benzylpenicillin but were skin test and/or RAST positive to determinants derived from AX and AMP and group C: those who were exclusively positive to determinants derived from AMP. Although AMP can induce an immediate IgE response in subjects allergic to betalactams and the structure of the side chain may contribute to the specificity of the response, our results indicate that in most instances crossreactivity with the other penicillins exists and that in the groups studied selective reactions to just AMP derived determinants were uncommon.

Test Preparation

No special preparation is needed for Allergy Ampicillin Enzyme Assay Skin. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing Allergy Ampicillin Enzyme Assay Skin. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.

Understanding your test results

GenderAge groupsValue
UNISEXAll age groupsA wheal and flare reaction of atleast 3mm indicates that the patient is allergic to the substance
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