Frequently Asked Questions
What is Colonoscopy and its advantages?
Colonoscopy is a medical procedure that uses the colonoscope to check the health condition of the colon and rectum. Colonoscopy detects the presence of inflammation, polyps, tumors, and bleeding in the colon and rectum. A colonoscopy helps in diagnosing the symptoms such as unexplained diarrhea, abnormal stomach pain, and blood in the stool. It also helps in the detection of cancer in the colon.
Advantages of Colonoscopy are the following:
- Detects polyps, tumors, and inflammation in the colon and rectum
- Checks the condition of colon and rectum without any incisions
- Used to detect colon and rectal cancer
What are the indications of Colonoscopy?
Indications of Colonoscopy are the following:
- Chronic constipation
- Acute and chronic diarrhea
- Lower gastrointestinal bleeding
- Unexplained abdominal pain
- Colon cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease
What can be the preparation for Colonoscopy?
- Should stop eating solid food items before 2-3 days of the procedure.
- Should not drink or eat anything before the night of the procedure.
- Take the prescribed laxatives as directed by the doctor.
- By using the enema kit, the colon should be emptied.
- Tell your doctor about your medical history and all medications you take.
- Discuss with the doctor about all the risks, complications, along with the benefits of Colonoscopy.
How Colonoscopy is done?
Colonoscopy can be done by following the below steps:
- The patient will be advised to lie down on one side with knees facing toward the chest.
- Then, the doctor will insert the colonoscope into the rectum and captures the images of the colon and rectum.
- Sometimes, the doctor may use other medical instruments to take the samples from colon and rectum for further investigations.
- After finishing the examination of rectum and colon, the colonoscope will be removed from the rectum.
What is the recovery care for Colonoscopy?
Few steps are recommended by the doctor for the recovery from Colonoscopy and they are:
- The patient should not drive any vehicle after the completion of the procedure.
- Follow the special diet given by the dietician.
- If the patient feels bloated, walking is recommended.
- If the blood is seen even after 3 to 4 bowel movements, consult the doctor immediately.
Which specialist can perform the Colonoscopy?
- Experienced Colonoscopist
- Colorectal surgeon
How much does Colonoscopy cost in Pune?
Factors that may affect the cost of Colonoscopy are:
- Type of hospital
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Medical condition of the patient
- Admission room that you opted for
Minimum expenses for Colonoscopy in Pune starts from Rs.3,000
Average amount to be paid for Colonoscopy in Pune is approximately Rs.7,500
Maximum charges for Colonoscopy in Pune rise up to Rs.17,000
Is Colonoscopy a major procedure or minor procedure?
It can be either major or minor depending on the condition of the patient and type of diagnosis. If it is being used for examination of the colon and rectum, then it is a minor procedure. In case, if it is used to remove the polyps from the colon and rectum, then it is a major procedure.
To what kind of people Colonoscopy is recommended?
Colonoscopy is recommended in the following individuals:
- People suffering from chronic diarrhea
- Individuals with colon or rectum cancer
- People having colon or rectal polyps
- Individuals with colon obstruction
To what kind of people Colonoscopy is not recommended?
Colonoscopy is not recommended in the following individuals:
- Individuals who are having peritonitis
- Individuals whose bowel is not prepared well
- People suffering from severe ulcers in the colon
What are the risks and complications associated with Colonoscopy?
Risks and complications of Colonoscopy are:
- Blood loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bleeding from the site of biopsy or site of examination
- Perforation in the wall of rectum or colon
How much time does Colonoscopy take to complete?
To complete the Colonoscopy, the doctor may take almost 30 to 45 minutes.
How long does it take to recover from Colonoscopy?
It may take around 24 to 48 hours to recover from the Colonoscopy.
What is the success rate of Colonoscopy?
The factors that affect the success rate of Colonoscopy are:
- Age of the patient
- Health condition of the patient
- Bowel preparation
- Experience of the doctor
However, the success rate of colonoscopy lies between 83.5% and 98.7%.
Does Colonoscopy cause pain?
Individuals who undergo colonoscopy may or may not feel pain and it depends on whether the individual is sedated or not
Is Colonoscopy a permanent procedure?
Colonoscopy is not a permanent procedure as the doctor removes the colonoscope from the anus after completion of the examination.
What can be done if Colonoscopy fails?
If Colonoscopy fails, then the doctor may suggest the following options:
- Retrograde single balloon enteroscopy
- Virtual colonoscopy
- Repeat colonoscopy by an advanced Endoscopist
What are the other treatments apart from Colonoscopy?
Alternative treatment options apart from Colonoscopy are the following:
- Stool DNA
- Fecal immunochemical tests
- Fecal occult blood tests
- Double-contrast barium enema