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1. What is the anomaly scan?
The anomaly scan is an ultrasound performed in the pregnancy between 18-22 weeks of gestational age. This scan is done to detect growth abnormalities, congenital anomalies and multiple pregnancies.
2. Is anomaly scan safe during pregnancy?
Yes, the anomaly scan is safe during pregnancy. The anomaly scan doesn't harm mother or the baby and it is performed as part of routine prenatal care.
3. Why is the anomaly scan recommended?
Anomaly scan is recommended to look for any birth defects in the baby during the stage of developement inside the womb, like spina bifida, etc. It also gives status of the umbilical cord, placenta, baby's weight and postion.
4. Is an anomaly scan similar to x-ray?
No. Anomaly scan is an ultrasound done in pregnancy which uses high frequency sound waves. It shows the images in real time, and a video can be recorded as it can detect any organ abnormalities. X-rays on the other hand, illustrate changes in bones or other dense structures. Radiographs are static images.
5. What is diagnosed in the anomaly scan?
The anomaly scan is done to detect growth abnormalities, congenital anomalies and multiple pregnancies.The following anomalies are diagnosed in anomaly scan
- cleft lip, spina bifida
- gastroschisis, anencephaly
- exomphalos, renal agenesis, cardiac abnormalities
- Patau's syndrome, Edward's syndrome
- skeletal dysplasia, diaphragmatic hernia