1. Who is a Psychiatrist?
A psychiatrist is a medical physician who specializes in the care and treatment of mental, emotional, and addictive disorders. A psychiatrist is involved in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental diseases like anxiety, depression, psychosis, substance abuse, sexual dysfunction, and developmental disabilities.
2. Is a Psychiatrist different from a Psychologist?
Psychiatrists and psychologists are medical professionals offering different services. Psychologists receive graduate training in psychology and pursue either Ph.D or PsyD or clinical psychology. Psychiatrists are physicians with specific training in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness.
3. When should one consult a Psychiatrist?
A psychiatrist deals with the mental, emotional and behavioural aspects of human health. Whenever a person is affected by mental disorders like anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder, psychiatric help is needed. Drastic changes in behaviour without any visible cause require a consultation with a psychiatrist. Mental or emotional issues due to drug addiction requires psychiatric help.
4. What are the conditions treated by a Psychiatrist?
Any mental, emotional or behavioural issues that we face can be diagnosed and treated by a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists also deal with disorders caused by drug addiction. The following conditions are treated by psychiatrists: depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, alcohol addiction, stress and burn-out, eating disorders & schizophrenia
5. Can a Psychiatrist treat anxiety disorders?
Anxiety disorders are characterized by being in a state of extreme, perennial anxiety. One out of three people will suffer from anxiety disorders at some point in life. Overwhelming anxiety that affects your day-to-day activities becomes a disorder. A psychiatrist is trained to treat anxiety disorders through psychological therapies and medication.
Your mental health is as important as your physical health. A doctor who looks after a person’s mental health and well-being is known as a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists can diagnose and treat mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, addiction, depression and eating disorders. Treatment provided by a psychiatrist can take many forms such as medication, counselling and electroconvulsive therapy. They can provide short term treatment as well as long term treatment for chronic issues.
It is not necessary for you to have a mental illness to visit a psychiatrist. Even conditions like depression, anxiety and phobias can be treated by a psychiatrist. Some of the instances when you should visit a psychiatrist are:
If you are finding it difficult to adjust to a major change in your life
If you have thoughts of self-harm or suicide
If you are constantly thinking negative thoughts
If you use alcohol or drugs uncontrollably
If you have problems with body image and eating issues
If you have hallucinations or disjointed thoughts
There are many sub specialties in psychiatry. These include:
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder Rs 1000-1500 per session
Treatment for OCD Rs 800-2000 per session
Treatment for Schizophrenia Rs 700-2000 per session
Treatment for PTSD Rs 600-2500 per session
Treatment for Anxiety Disorder Rs 700- 3000 per session
Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme mood swings and usually affects people between the ages of 15 and 25 years. Bipolar disorder may be treated with a combination of medication and counselling.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
People with OCD often find themselves repeating actions and having repetitive thoughts and worries. OCD is usually treated with counselling and cognitive behavioural therapy
Schizophrenia is a mental disease wherein the patient experiences hallucinations and delusions. Schizophrenia typically requires long term treatment in the form of medication and psychotherapy.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD is often the result of exposure to a very stressful event. Medication may be prescribed to help calm the person along with counselling or psychotherapy.
People with an anxiety disorder feel worried and panicked all the time even when nothing triggers the worry. This could lead to the development of phobias. It may be treated with anxiety reducing medication and psychotherapy.