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Ampikem 500 mg Capsule

Manufactured byAlkem Laboratories Ltd.
ContainsAmpicillin
Description
Ampikem 500 mg Capsule is a penicillin-type antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. This antibiotic is used to treat different types of bacterial infections of the throat, lungs, nose, urinary tract and skin. Ampikem 500 mg Capsule works by stopping the bacteria to form its cell wall thereby making it weaker and die eventually. It is not effective against infections caused by viruses. Side effects of Ampikem 500 mg Capsule are diarrhoea, stomach pain, headache, weakness, nausea, and vomiting. Inform your doctor if you are allergic to penicillin. Use it cautiously in individuals with kidney problems. Ampikem 500 mg Capsule can make birth control pills less effective. You may be asked to take a different way of birth control methods to prevent unintended pregnancy. Take Ampikem 500 mg Capsule on an empty stomach. You can take this capsule around the same time every day for ease of remembering. For the best results, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times. Once an antibiotic is started, it is always recommended to finish the entire course of treatment.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Ampikem 500 mg Capsule

  • Diarrhoea
  • Skin rash
  • Fever with chills
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Stomach pain
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mouth sores

Uses of Ampikem 500 mg Capsule

What is it prescribed for?

  • Sinusitis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Intra abdominal infection
  • Skin and soft tissue infections
  • Typhoid fever
  • Lung infections
  • Pharyngitis/Tonsilitis
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • How long does it take for this medicine to take effect?
    Ampicillin capsule starts working within 1 to 2 hours after administration. You will start to feel better in 2 to 3 days after taking the ampicillin cap. But finish your entire course of treatment, even if the condition gets better.
  • How long do the effects of this medicine last?
    The effect of ampicillin capsules lasts for an average duration of 3 to 6 hours.
  • Is it safe to consume alcohol while taking this medicine?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is this a habit forming medicine?
    No habit-forming tendency has been reported for Ampikem 500 mg Capsule.
  • Can this medicine be taken during pregnancy?
    Ampikem 500 mg Capsule is generally safe in pregnancy to treat bacterial infections. It is not known to cause birth defects when used by pregnant women. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.
  • Can this medicine be taken while breast-feeding?
    Ampikem 500 mg Capsule is safe to use during breastfeeding. It is not known to be harmful to breastfeeding women. It passes into breast milk in very low levels that are not expected to cause adverse effects in breastfed infants. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.

Allergy

Avoid taking Ampikem 500 mg Capsule if you are previously allergic to it. Some patients may get allergic reactions to this medicine. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of allergic reactions such as skin rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, breathing difficulties, etc.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

Ampikem 500 mg Capsule is generally safe in pregnancy to treat bacterial infections. It is not known to cause birth defects when used by pregnant women. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.

Breast-feeding

Ampikem 500 mg Capsule is safe to use during breastfeeding. It is not known to be harmful to breastfeeding women. It passes into breast milk in very low levels that are not expected to cause adverse effects in breastfed infants. Hence it is acceptable for use upon your doctor's recommendation.
General warnings

Antibiotic resistance

Finish your entire course of treatment with Ampikem 500 mg Capsule, even if the condition gets better to avoid antibiotic resistance (the bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics). If you still feel unwell after completing your antibiotic course, make an appointment to consult your doctor.

Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis is also called kissing disease is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It is spread through saliva. People with mononucleosis may develop a maculopapular skin rash (flat and small raised bumps on the skin) after 5-10 days of treatment with Ampikem 500 mg Capsule and resolves within days of discontinuing the use. Ampikem 500 mg Capsule may not be appropriate medicine in patients with mononucleosis.

Driving or operating machinery

Ampikem 500 mg Capsule may cause dizziness, confusion, or fits in some people. Do not drive a vehicle or operate machinery after taking this medicine.

Diarrhoea

Ampikem 500 mg Capsule can cause diarrhoea because it may also kill the helpful bacteria in your stomach or intestine. Get emergency medical help if you experience severe diarrhoea that is watery or bloody. Call your pharmacist/doctor before taking anti-diarrhoeal medication.

Missed Dose

Try not to skip a dose of Ampikem 500 mg Capsule. And if a dose is skipped, do not add it up to the next dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical attention in case of an overdose with Ampikem 500 mg Capsule.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Atenolol

Doxycycline

Methotrexate

Warfarin

Live cholera vaccine

Ethinyl Estradiol

Disease interactions

Kidney Disease

Ampikem 500 mg Capsule is filtered by the kidney and moved out of the body through urine. Patients with kidney diseases need special consideration while using Ampikem 500 mg Capsule due to the risk of kidney damage. Dose adjustment should be done based on the clinical condition.

Gastrointestinal Diseases

Ampikem 500 mg Capsule can kill the helpful bacteria in your stomach or intestine and leads to diarrhoea. Therefore use Ampikem 500 mg Capsule with extreme caution in patients with gastrointestinal (mouth to anus) diseases, particularly colitis (swelling of the inner lining of the colon), since it may worsen the patient's condition.
Food interactions
The absorption of Ampikem 500 mg Capsule may be decreased in the presence of food. For proper absorption of the medicine, it should be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after the meals.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take Ampikem 500 mg Capsule 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Never take more than the prescribed dose. Do not give your medicine to other people even if their condition appears to be the same as yours. Ampicillin 500mg and 250mg are the available strengths of the ampicillin capsule.
Miscelleneous

To be taken on an empty stomach

To be taken as instructed by doctor

May cause sleepiness

How it works
Ampikem 500 mg Capsule works by preventing the formation of bacterial cell walls. This helps in stopping the growth and multiplication of the microorganism, eventually killing it.
Legal Status

Approved

Unknown

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Aminopenicillins, Antibiotics

Schedule

Schedule H

Go.drugbank.com. 2021. Ampicillin | DrugBank Online. [online] Available at: < [Accessed 23 March 2021].

https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB00415>

Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2021. Ampicillin. [online] Available at: < [Accessed 23 March 2021].

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Ampicillin>

Medicinesforchildren.org.uk. 2021. Ampicillin for bacterial infection | Medicines for Children. [online] Available at: < [Accessed 17 February 2021].

https://www.medicinesforchildren.org.uk/ampicillin-bacterial-infection>

Medicines.org.uk. 2021. Penbritin 500 mg Capsules - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) - (emc). [online] Available at: < [Accessed 17 February 2021].

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/6342/smpc>

Drugs, H., 2021. Ampicillin: MedlinePlus Drug Information. [online] Medlineplus.gov. Available at: < [Accessed 17 February 2021].

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a685002.html>
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Information on this page was last updated on 23 Mar 2021

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