1. What is leptospirosis infection?
Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection in humans, animals, especially rodents and other domestic animals. The infection is contracted by humans most commonly when they come in contact with the water contaminated with the infected urine of the animals.
2. What are the causes of leptospirosis?
The cause of leptospirosis is a bacteria belonging to the genus leptospira. The condition is usually considered as an occupational hazard for people working in farms, mines, sewages, slaughterhouses and dairies. People working in close contact with animals and those involved in recreational sports such as swimming rafting can get an infection from contaminated water.
3. Is leptospirosis contagious?
The infection is contagious and can spread through contact with infected urine through abrasions on the skin. It can also spread through mucosa of nose, eyes and throat. However, spreading of disease from person to person is rare.
4. What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?
After exposure to the infection the symptoms arise within two days to four weeks. The symptoms of leptospirosis are as follows: high fever; chills; headache and muscle aches; vomiting; diarrhoea; yellow colouration in eyes and skin; and rashes.
5. Is there a way to prevent leptospirosis?
The health departments advice people to take preventive measures to stop the spread of leptospirosis. The preventive measures are as follows: avoid contact with infected animals; avoid wading through or swimming in the contaminated water; and use protective clothing and footwear to avoid exposure to contamination.