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1. Who is a Paediatrician?
A paediatrician or a child specialist is a doctor who manages the health of your child. A paediatrician is trained to manage the physical, behavioural, and mental health of a child. A child specialist is trained to treat childhood illnesses, from minor health issues to serious health disorders. A child can be treated by a paediatrician right from birth.
2. What is the age range of children which a Paediatrician can treat?
Paediatricians can treat a child right from birth. From birth till 2 years, there may be many visits to the paediatrician. From age 2 to 5 years, there will be once a year “well-child” visits. After the age of 5 years, paediatric visits will be done annually. Up to the age of 18 years, you can visit a paediatrician.
3. Can a Paediatrician perform surgery?
Paediatricians are concerned with the physical and mental well being of children. Paediatric surgeons specialize in surgeries. A paediatrician can also perform surgeries with the necessary training. Paediatricians may only evaluate and treat children through non-invasive procedures. Paediatric surgeons perform minor surgeries like removal of foreign bodies to major surgeries like cardiac surgery.
4. What does a paediatrician do?
A paediatrician is trained to perform procedures like: vaccine administration, treat dislocated shoulders or elbows, treat minor injuries, remove foreign bodies, split brown bones, perform circumcision. Apart from these specific procedures paediatricians also ensure well-being of the child through routine examinations. They also handle conditions that affect new born children.
5. How is a Paediatrician different from a general physician?
Paediatricians and physicians are both doctors, but treat patients belonging to different age groups. Paediatricians specialize in treating patients aged 18 years and younger, while general physician treats patients above the age of 18 years. Paediatricians focus on providing medical care to infants, children and teenagers. Physicians may specialize in certain field of medicine.
A branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents is Pediatrics and the doctors who are specialised in Pediatrics are called Pediatricians.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be a Pediatrician:
Pediatricians usually treat the patient until the age of 18 to 21 according to the medical conditions and the severity.
For taking care of the child, a Pediatrician will:
Till the age of 2, the Pediatrician will see the baby many times. At the age of 2-5 years, the Pediatrician should be consulted once a year and after the age of 5 years, the Pediatrician should be consulted as needed or whenever the child is sick.
Generally, the hospitals ask if the patient has a Pediatrician when visiting to deliver a baby. The first examination of the baby is done by the Pediatrician present at the hospital. If the Pediatrician checks the baby, they’ll send the note about the examination. After the mother is discharged from the hospital the Pediatrician will see the baby 48 to 72 hours later and during the regular check-ups after that.
Pediatricians are the medical doctors who diagnose and treat diseases, medical conditions, and injuries that require care for babies, children, and adolescents. However, Neonatologists are the one who takes care of infants and specially premature newborn who are suffering from serious and complex medical conditions.