Field of medicine that deals with the study of ear, nose, throat or head and neck is Otorhinolaryngology. ENT specialists or Otorhinolaryngologists are the doctors who are specialized in diagnosing and treating medical conditions and diseases related to the ear, nose, and throat.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, the following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an ENT Specialist:
Individuals who are suffering from any of the following diseases or infections can consult an ENT specialist.
ENT doctors can perform many ear, nose and throat surgeries along with diagnostic procedures and few of them are:
During the visit to an ENT specialist, the doctor will perform a physical and visual examination. The examined areas may include looking in the eyes, nose, and throat.
For suspected cancer inside the nose or throat, a tissue sample must be sent to the laboratory to confirm the diagnosis. For nose cancer, this may be done in the clinic using local anesthesia and an endoscope to guide the biopsy.