Frequently asked questions
What is Bariatric Surgery and who can perform?
Bariatric Surgery is done by reducing the size of the stomach to restrict or decrease the amount of food intake at a time. To treat medical conditions like Severe obesity along with conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, joint pains, abnormal cholesterol levels in the blood, sleep apnea, etc. Bariatric Surgery is performed by a qualified Gastroenterologist or Surgeon who is well experienced in performing Bariatric surgery.
What are the reasons to get Bariatric Surgery?
To get Bariatric Surgery, the following may be the reasons:
- Severe obesity
- Conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, joint pains, abnormal cholesterol levels in the blood, sleep apnea, etc.
- BMI of more than 35-40
- Individuals who are unable to lose weight by medications, Weight gain even after medication treatment.
- Individuals with a risk of developing heart disease.
What can be the advantages of Bariatric Surgery?
Some of the advantages of Bariatric Surgery are:
- Decreases the chances of developing heart disease
- Decreases or eliminates blood pressure
- Reduces body weight
- Improves erectile dysfunction
What are the preparations required for Bariatric Surgery?
- The health condition of the patient is checked by the doctor before undergoing Bariatric Surgery.
- Follow all the instructions given by your doctor or surgeon.
- Lab tests or other examinations are recommended by the doctor.
- The patient should inform past and present medical and medication history to the doctor.
- Discuss all the risks and complications along with the benefits of Bariatric Surgery with the doctor.
What is the stepwise procedure for performing Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric Surgery involves the following steps:
Gastric bypass: This process is also called as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. There are two steps involved in this procedure:
- The stomach is stapled to look like a little pouch in the top region to make the stomach smaller in size so that the individual can accommodate less quantity of food.
- Later, the small intestine is cut and attached to the lower part of the pouch to bypass the food through the stomach and the higher portion of the small intestine to the lower part of the small intestine.
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band:
- An inflatable band is placed around the top of the stomach to create a small pouch to restrict food and make you feel full after eating a small quantity.
- The surgeon may change the size of the pouch by injecting or removing the solution with the help of a small device called a port placed below your skin.
Sleeve gastrectomy (Gastric sleeve): In this procedure, most of your stomach is stapled leaving a banana-shaped section inside and reduces the intake of food and makes you feel fuller.
Duodenal switch or Biliopancreatic diversion:
- The process is similar to gastric sleeve process and also involves redirecting food to bypass through your small intestine. The bypassed section is reattached to the last part of the small intestine.
- This will help in allowing the digestive juices to mix with your food. This procedure will help to lose weight more when compared with the other three methods.
What is the post-surgery care taken for patients after Bariatric Surgery?
- Follow the recommended diet for at least a period of 12 weeks.
- Start taking liquids first and progress to soft food and then slowly to regular food.
- There should be follow-up visits to your doctor after this surgery to adjust the size of the opening of the band.
How much amount should pay for Bariatric Surgery in Delhi?
Charges for Bariatric Surgery in Delhi tend to change depending on factors such as:
- Medical Condition
- Type of Facility(Hospital) & Room that you opt for
- Post-surgical complications
- Time to recovery
- The method used for Bariatric Surgery
Minimum price in Delhi starts from Rs.2,00,000.
Average expenses in Delhi is approximately Rs.3,60,200.
Maximum cost in Delhi rises up to Rs.4,86,000
Is Bariatric Surgery a major surgery or minor surgery?
Bariatric Surgery is major surgery.
What are the criteria required for the patients to undergo Bariatric Surgery?
People with the following conditions can choose Bariatric Surgery
- Body mass index more than 40 with comorbidities conditions like diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lipid abnormalities, etc.
- Body weight more than 400 pounds or 200 kilograms.
- Obese individuals with age greater than 18 years.
Who cannot undergo Bariatric Surgery?
People with the following conditions cannot choose Bariatric Surgery
- Individuals whose BMI is below 35 and do not have any comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, or abnormal lipid profile, etc
- Individuals suffering from mental illness
- Patients who are having eating disorders
- Individuals who suffer from obesity and do not have a commitment to change
- Patients who are addicted to drugs and alcohol
What are the risks and complications of Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric Surgery has the following risks and complications:
- Excessive bleeding, Blood clots
- Leakage in your intestinal system, Infection
- Gallstones, Hernias, Bowel obstruction, Ulcers, etc
- Hypoglycemia (low levels of glucose), Malnutrition
- Dumping syndrome
What is the complete recovery time for Bariatric Surgery?
Recovery time for Bariatric Surgery maybe 7 to 15 days depending on the type of surgery and health condition.
What is the success rate of Bariatric Surgery?
A few factors may determine the success rate of Bariatric Surgery and they are:
- Health condition of the patient
- Experience of the surgeon/doctor
- Patient age
- Type of surgery or procedure performed
However, the overall success rate of bariatric surgery maybe 50-70%.
Does a patient experience any pain during Bariatric Surgery?
Every surgery comes with a certain level of pain and some discomfort. You won't be experiencing pain during this process because you will be under anesthesia.
What can be the long-term effects of Bariatric Surgery?
Long term effects of Bariatric surgery are the following:
- Improved blood pressure, erectile dysfunction, sleep apnea, joint pains, and abnormal lipid parameters, etc.
- Maintain bodyweight.
What can be done if Bariatric Surgery fails?
In case of a failed Bariatric Surgery, the doctor may suggest:
- Restrict the consumption of food items which are high in cholesterol.
- Take all the medications prescribed by your doctor.
- Regular check-ups
What are the alternative methods for Bariatric Surgery?
Other options for Bariatric Surgery are the following:
- Daily physical activities for about 30-60 minutes.
- Taking weight loss pills as directed by your doctor.