Retinal holes and tears are small breaks in the retina. The retina is light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Usually holes and tears do not mean you will have serious vision problems right away. However, retinal holes and tears may cause problems if they allow fluid to seep behind the retina. If a lot of fluid gets behind the retina, the retina can separate from the wall of the eye. The detached part of the retina will not work properly. Detachment of the retina is a serious condition that can lead to total blindness.
The main types of treatment are:
Laser photocoagulation. Highly focused beams of light seal the tissue around the hole or tear. The procedure is generally quick and painless. Your eyes are dilated for this procedure. You can go home right after the procedure. Your vision may be blurred for a few hours
Cryopexy. An instrument called a cryoprobe is used to freeze the tissue around the hole and secure it to the inside of the eyeball. You will be given local anesthesia. You can go home after the procedure. Your eye will be red for a few days after cryopexy. You may need to use eye drops
Diathermy. This is similar to cryopexy except that heat from an electric current is applied through a needle to seal a hole or tear
Treatments for retinal holes and tears are usually successful. However, you may have a retinal hole or tear in another part of your eye later. You should have your eyes examined regularly.