Swollen or/and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus region, when if not treated can cause pain or bleeding. Piles are also known as Hemorrhoids. Piles can be formed on the blood vessels, support tissue, muscle, elastic fibers present in the rectum or anus.
They can be classified into 2 types:
Usually, piles have no symptoms and in a few cases, one can find any of the following symptoms.
In most cases, piles are self diagnosable. However, if an individual is not sure about the condition, he/she can consult a primary care provider. The doctor may use sigmoidoscopy to visualize internal piles or hemorrhoids.
Piles are caused due to increased pressure on rectum or anus and hence, the tissues are swollen. This can happen in the following conditions:
Foods with very little fibers and can cause constipation are to be avoided, such as:
Piles are a condition that is painful with discomfort in daily activities. However, the treatment is not painful and usually gives symptomatic relief to the patient.
The severity of the condition is divided into grades I to IV. The treatment approach used for each grade is different. Usually, in grades III and IV surgical approach is used. The other approaches are:
Nonsurgical treatment is usually self-treatable and/or a primary health care provider can treat the piles' condition. Whereas, for the surgical approach, the specialists are Gastroenterologist or a General Surgeon who is well experienced in performing piles surgery.
If piles remain untreated then smaller hemorrhoids or piles may go away with the time. Whereas, in severe conditions, the vein can protrude out of the anus and can bleed heavily with discomfort and pain.
Usually, Piles takes up to 7-15 days to heal depending on the grade, condition, and the treatment option opted for.