Frequently Asked Questions
What is Tympanoplasty?
Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure that involves the reconstruction of the tympanic membrane (eardrum) or the tiny bones present in the middle of the ear. This surgery is performed to treat the perforation of the eardrums, severe pain, swelling, and dizziness. There are 5 types of Tympanoplasty:
- Type 1(Myringoplasty)
- Type 2 (Tympanic membrane perforations)
- Type 3 (Destruction of ossicles)
- Type 4 (Ossicular destruction)
- Type 5 (Misplacement of footplates)
What are the advantages of Tympanoplasty?
The following are the advantages of Tympanoplasty:
- Helps in reducing the infection
- Repairs the perforated eardrum
- Prevents recurrent infection
- Helps in curing discharge of the ear
- Restores hearing
What are the indications of Tympanoplasty?
The following are the indications of Tympanoplasty:
- Chronic ear disease
- Middle ear infections
- Atelectasis of tympanic membrane
- Chronic otitis
What is the preparation for Tympanoplasty?
Following steps are required for an individual for preparation of Tympanoplasty:
- Should know all the benefits, risks, and complications associated with the Tympanoplasty.
- Explain clearly to the surgeon about the changes that you are expecting.
- Avoid having food for at least 6 hours before the surgery. This way the risk of inhaling stomach contents into the lungs will be reduced.
- Also, avoid applying any creams or makeup on the day of surgery.
- Take all the medications as instructed by your doctor.
- The patient may be asked to quit smoking for at least 1 week before the surgery.
- The surgeon might take pictures of the ears before the surgery to compare with the results.
What are the steps involved in Tympanoplasty?
The type of surgical procedure for Tympanoplasty may vary according to the type of correction that is being made to the eardrum. The general steps included in Tympanoplasty are as follows:
- General anesthesia and a sedative will be given to reduce the pain and relax the patient.
- Blood pressure, pulse, heart rhythm, oxygen saturation, etc will be continuously monitored during the procedure.
- The surgeon will make incisions at the site that is to be corrected.
- Later these incisions are closed with the help of the sutures.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Tympanoplasty?
The following are the post-care steps to be followed after Tympanoplasty:
- The operated area will be covered with the bandages after the procedure.
- The ears will be swollen and red for the next few days. Prefer wearing loose clothing that is easy to wear without disturbing the ears. Do not let soap come into contact with the sutures.
- Do not use lotions, creams, make-up, etc around the operated area.
- Headphones or earphones or any such devices should not be used for the next few days until the swelling and pain are reduced.
- Avoid going for a swim after the surgery at least for a week.
- Avoid going to crowded places and dusty areas to reduce complications like getting infections.
- Follow all the instructions given by the doctor.
- There should be follow-up visits to the doctor 2 days after this surgery, the following week, and then again after a month to monitor the ear.
Who can perform Tympanoplasty [Right specialist type for Tympanoplasty]?
Tympanoplasty can be performed by a certified and skilled ENT surgeon who is specialized and well experienced in performing Tympanoplasty.
What is the cost of Tympanoplasty?
Cost of Tympanoplasty depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Type of hospital
- Age of the patient
- Type of surgical procedure
- The medical condition of the patient
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- The admission room that you opted for
- Any other lab tests or examination tests such as X-ray, scanning, etc.
Minimum cost in Bangalore starts from Rs.13,410
Average expenses in Bangalore is approximately Rs.40,570
Maximum amount to be paid in Bangalore rises up to Rs. 64,800
Is Tympanoplasty major surgery or minor surgery?
Tympanoplasty is considered a minor surgery since a small incision or a hole is made which is minimally invasive.
What is the eligibility criteria for Tympanoplasty?
The following are the eligibility criteria for Tympanoplasty:
- Patients of age group 10-60.
- Patients with chronic ear problems that cannot be treated with medications.
- Patients with conductive hearing loss.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Tympanoplasty?
The following are the ineligibility criteria for Tympanoplasty:
- Individuals with immune disorders
- Chronic smokers
What are the risks and complications associated with Tympanoplasty?
Risks and Complications associated with Tympanoplasty are:
- Damage to facial nerves or nerves that control the sense of taste
- May cause hearing loss
- Incomplete healing of the hole in the eardrum
- Abnormal growth of the skin behind eardrum [Cholesteatoma]
How long does it take to complete Tympanoplasty?
Tympanoplasty may take almost 2-3 hours to complete. Sometimes it may take more than the usual time depending on the condition of the patient.
What is the recovery time?
Individuals who undergo Tympanoplasty may take 2-3 months to recover completely.
What is the success rate of Tympanoplasty?
The success rate of Tympanoplasty depends on the following factors:
- Age of the patient
- The medical condition of the patient
However, the success rate of Tympanoplasty maybe 90%
Is Tympanoplasty painful?
Every surgery comes with a certain level of pain and some discomfort. You won't be experiencing pain during this process because you will be under anesthesia.
Is Tympanoplasty Permanent?
Tympanoplasty surgery involves the reconstruction or repair of the eardrum or small bones of the middle ear. Hence, it is permanent and helps in improving hearing ability.
What are the long-term results of Tympanoplasty?
The long-term result of Tympanoplasty is the improvement in hearing ability.
Can Tympanoplasty be detected in the future?
Tympanoplasty may be detected in the future due to the presence of scars around the ear.
What are the options if Tympanoplasty fails?
If Tympanoplasty fails, the doctor may recommend revision surgery.
What are the alternatives for Tympanoplasty?
Some of the alternatives for Tympanoplasty are the following: