Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that may alter the normal wellbeing of both animals and humans. To date, many Coronaviruses were discovered that cause several infections ranging from a common cold to serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome [MERS] and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome [SARS].
Recently, in December 2019, in Wuhan-China, healthcare professionals and research scientists discovered a new Coronavirus that cause a new disease called COVID-19. This new Coronavirus that causes COVOD-19 is most likely to affect the individuals who are older and those with underlying medical problems like diabetes, heart problems, and high blood pressure.
One can get COVID-19 from the individuals who are infected. This disease can spread from person to person through droplets from the nose and mouth. These droplets can land on the objects or surfaces and the individuals who come in contact with those objects and surfaces can catch the disease. However, it is unclear exactly how COVID-19 is spread and WHO is assessing ongoing research on how COVIS-19 can spread.
Medical conditions like diabetes, heart problems, weak immune system, respiratory problems, kidney diseases, and cancer can increase the effect of the virus and make it deadlier. Major symptoms from which individuals can suffer due to COVID-19 disease are tiredness, fever, dry cough, body aches, pains, runny nose, sore throat, diarrhea, and nasal congestion. One may not notice that he/she is infected from COVID-19 as the symptoms are mild and occur gradually. Over time, these symptoms may become life-threatening and can lead to death. So, be aware of these symptoms and if they are longer than usual, please consult a physician.
On a closer look at how this new disease COVID-19 transmits from one person to another, it is clear that through the direct contact of the infected person and contact with the infected objects or surfaces are the highest possible ways for transmitting or spreading the disease to healthy individuals. So, here are some preventive measures that are recommended by the WHO and CDC to reduce the risk of individuals from getting the new disease [COVID-19].
To date, there is no confirmed standard treatment plan and specific antiviral medications to treat COVID-19 disease. However, people who are infected with this disease should receive supportive care to relieve the symptoms and in case of serious illness, one should get hospitalized for better care. Most of the patients who receive supportive care and get treated to relieve the symptoms are able to recover quickly.
Pulmonologists and General Physicians are the most common doctors who can diagnose the COVID-19 disease that is caused by a Coronavirus. If you are suffering from cold, fever, tiredness, dry cough, runny nose, and other symptoms that last longer than usual, you should immediately contact the physician. Your doctor/physician will run a few lab tests that include cultures from your nose, mouth, and throat.