Kidneys are among of the main organs of the human body. Nephrology is a branch of medicine dealing with diseases related to kidneys. From kidney stones, fluid and electrolyte disorders, glomerular diseases to end stage renal diseases nephrologists can treat a wide array of conditions relating to the kidneys. Some nephrologists work in hospitals while some run their own clinic setups.
Ideally, you should visit a nephrologist if you have a family history of kidney disease. People with long standing blood pressure, vascular diseases like stroke or heart attack are at a greater risk of developing renal failure. If the test reports show high creatinine levels in the body and the GFR test results are less than 30, one should see a nephrologist who would suggest the course of treatment that needs to be followed.
Some of the sub specialties of nephrology include urology. Urologists are basically surgical specialists who can treat kidney problems that include structural disorders. Nephrologists’ specify non surgical procedures in case of chronic kidney disease.
To become a nephrologist, the candidate needs to complete a 5 and a half year MBBS degree and a 3 year post graduate MD degree in medicine. After that the candidate has to obtain a DM degree in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. Usually the doctors who keep attending workshops and seminars to keep abreast with latest developments in treatments are the best in.
Yes, a nephrologist offers treatment for kidney stones.
What should be expected on one’s first visit to a nephrologist?
The nephrologist will prescribe a series of tests to check creatinine and BUN levels in the body. This will provide a proper understanding of your condition. They will analyze your symptoms and discuss various risk factors accordingly.
Yes, nephrologists do perform surgical procedures if required.
The consultation fees of a nephrologist usually begins at Rs 600.
Dialysis session Rs 1500-Rs 5000
Kidney Transplant Rs 6,00,000-Rs 10,00,000
Laproscopic Kidney Surgery Rs30,000-Rs 80,0000
Nephrologists treat a wide array of kidney related issues.
The most common treatments provided by a nephrologist are:Dialysis for kidney failure– In case the kidneys are not functioning at all, a dialysis is done in order to sustain the kidney function till the time a transplant can be done.
Kidney Transplant – Kidney transplant is the option in case of total kidney damage. In this surgery a healthy kidney from a donor is placed in the body of the patient.
Long term care post kidney transplant – A person who has undergone kidney transplant needs to be under close monitoring of a nephrologist.
Chronic Kidney Disease Management – A person diagnosed with CKD requires close supervision to minimize complications and thwart progress of the disease. Consultations are done every three to six months to prescribe new course of treatments.
Nephrectomy or Laproscopic Kidney Surgery- This is a safe and effective way to remove any diseased kidney without big incisions using a minimally invasive surgery.