1. Who is a neurosurgeon?
A neurosurgeon is a doctor with a specialization in diagnosis and treatment of brain, spinal cord and nerve-related diseases.
2. Can a neurosurgeon operate a brain tumour?
Yes, a neurosurgeon can operate and remove brain tumours by a procedure called as craniotomy.
3. Does a neurosurgeon only perform surgery?
Neurosurgeons are trained to perform complex surgeries, but when possible, they try to treat the condition with medicines alone. When medicines fail to give relief, neurosurgeons opt for a surgery to provide relief.
4. For which diseases can one see a neurosurgeon?
One can see a neurosurgeon if you have any symptoms like birth-defects, trauma to brain or spine due to some shock or accident, brain tumours, vascular disorders, infections in the brain or spine, stroke, or degenerative diseases of the spine like multiple sclerosis.
5. Can a neurologist treat birth defects in nervous system?
No, a neurologist cannot treat birth-defects in the nervous system, but a neurosurgeon can operate on such defects present since birth in the brain and spinal cord in infants and children.
Neurosurgeon is a medical specialist who specializes in curing the diseases and problems related to the nervous system. He diagnoses and provides guidance about all the conditions related to brain, spine, spinal cord, extra cranial cerebrovascular system and the peripheral nerves. Patients of all age groups can consult a neurosurgeon. A neurosurgeon holds expertise in providing surgical treatment and rehabilitation of disorders affecting any part of the nervous system.
Technically, a neurosurgeon is not the first one to be consulted in any problem related to nervous system; however on being referred, you should never delay your visit. A neurosurgeon can diagnose and provide immediate treatment for a number of medical problems like spine & head injury, chronic pain, stroke and nerve injuries. Though a neurosurgeon deals with surgical procedures, some of the treatments can include non- surgical methods as well.
Neurology is a vast department which can treat a huge range of neurological disorders. Some of the sub specialties which a neurosurgeon deals with include Neuro- oncology (brain tumour), Spinal neurosurgery, General neurosurgery, functional and epilepsy neurosurgery, Stroke, Cerebrovascular- aneurysms and Arteriovenous malformations (AVM).
The Neurologists in Bangalore charge between Rs 400- 1000. These charges vary with the speciality of the Neurologist and the treatment required. At times the treatment is in sessions, so the fee depends on the number of visits. However, when medication is required the charges are limited to the consultation fee since the medicines for neurological disorders are quite costly.
A neurologist treats more than 6,000 neurological disorders. The treatment methods are few and include:
Electromyogram (EMG) – In this treatment, mild electric shocks given through the nerves help determine the extent of damage.
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) – When medication is futile, and disorders are not apt for surgery, this method is used. DBS is an effective method in treatment of disorders like Tremor, Parkinson’s disease and Dystonia.
Therapy- Various types of therapies are used in curing neurological disorders. These are: Physical therapy, Occupational therapy, Speech and language therapy and Recreational therapy.
Electro diagnosis (EDX) - This method is used to detect the response of the body to external electrical stimuli or by noticing the electrical activity of body parts.
Surgery – This is the preferred option when medications and other treatments fail in curing neurological disorders.