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1. What is a Pulmonologist?
A doctor who is specialized in diagnosis and treatment of respiratory system diseases is called as pulmonologist. The respiratory system include the airway (all organs that carry air to lungs from body's outside environment), the lungs and the muscles for respiration.
2. What type of respiratory problems can a Pulmonologist treat?
Pulmonologists can treat lung or airway inflammation, blocked lung airways, damage to lung alveoli and lung diseases occurred due to inhalation of dust chemical or smoking, genetic diseases of the lung like cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis.
3. When do you need to visit a Pulmonologist?
You should visit a pulmonologist if you are facing breathing difficulties, having cough from a long time, have blood or mucus in cough, sudden weight loss due to unknown reasons and have severe breathing problem while doing daily activities or exercising.
4. What tests wil a Pulmonologist do for a check up?
Pulmonologists will perform different tests depending up on your problem. These may include CT scan, chest ultrasound, chest X-ray, pulse oximetry test, pleural biopsy, bronchoscopy (to examine airway), breathing test (pulmonary function test) to check functioning of lungs and sleep study to detect sleep disorder.
5. What is the difference between a Pulmonologist and chest surgeon?
Pulmonologists will diagnose and treat respiratory system related disorders but if you are having a serious lung disease then you will be referred to chest surgeon to remove affected lung part or for a lung transplant.
Pulmonologists are the medical professionals who are specialized in examining, diagnosing, and treating medical conditions and diseases related to the respiratory system. They deal with diseases like asthma, lung cancer, pneumonia, pleural effusion, and emphysema, etc.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be a Pulmonologist:
Healthy individuals can consult a Pulmonologist once a year to check the health condition of his/her respiratory system. However, if an individual suffers from diseases or medical conditions related to the respiratory system, then he/she must visit Pulmonlogist as recommended to get treated and cured.
Individuals who are suffering from following medical conditions and diseases should consult a Pulmonologist.
Apart from these, there are many other diseases related to the respiratory system.
Tubes that carry air to and from lungs are bronchial tubes and inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes is bronchitis. So, individuals suffering from bronchitis can be diagnosed and treat by experienced Pulmonologists.
Yes, Pulmonologist can treat pneumonia with an appropriate treatment course and lifestyle modifications. Mild symptomatic pneumonia can be treated by a General Physician and if the symptoms last more than the usual period, one should consult a Pulmonologist.
Pulmonologists can evaluate, diagnose, and perform tests along with biopsies to treat the patients who are suffering from diseases related to lung. However, if an individual is suffering from lung cancer, one can consult a Pulmonologist to get treated. In severe lung cancer, one can be referred to an Oncologist.
Mostly, Pulmonologists perform a few diagnostic procedures like endoscopy, biopsy, and other radiographic techniques to evaluate and diagnose the medical condition of the patient related to the respiratory system. Pulmonologists won’t perform any major surgeries to treat and cure lung diseases.