1. What is a Pulmonologist?
A doctor who is specialized in diagnosis and treatment of respiratory system diseases is called as pulmonologist. The respiratory system include the airway (all organs that carry air to lungs from body's outside environment), the lungs and the muscles for respiration.
2. What type of respiratory problems can a Pulmonologist treat?
Pulmonologists can treat lung or airway inflammation, blocked lung airways, damage to lung alveoli and lung diseases occurred due to inhalation of dust chemical or smoking, genetic diseases of the lung like cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis.
3. When do you need to visit a Pulmonologist?
You should visit a pulmonologist if you are facing breathing difficulties, having cough from a long time, have blood or mucus in cough, sudden weight loss due to unknown reasons and have severe breathing problem while doing daily activities or exercising.
4. What tests wil a Pulmonologist do for a check up?
Pulmonologists will perform different tests depending up on your problem. These may include CT scan, chest ultrasound, chest X-ray, pulse oximetry test, pleural biopsy, bronchoscopy (to examine airway), breathing test (pulmonary function test) to check functioning of lungs and sleep study to detect sleep disorder.
5. What is the difference between a Pulmonologist and chest surgeon?
Pulmonologists will diagnose and treat respiratory system related disorders but if you are having a serious lung disease then you will be referred to chest surgeon to remove affected lung part or for a lung transplant.
Pulmonology is the branch of Medical science which covers the functions and abnormalities in the respiratory tract of human beings. The Pulmonologists in Bangalore are specialised doctors who deal primarily with lungs related diseases. The infectious, autoimmune, structural, and neoplastic ailments in the lungs and trachea are the principal concern of the doctors. They can help you treat many diseases including Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, tuberculosis, obstructive sleep apnea, asthma, occupational lung disease, pneumonia, and lung cancer.
It is crucial to visit the Pulmonologists in Bangalore at least once a year especially if you smoke or suffer from a persistent cough, breathing problems, and certain lifestyle disorders like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. The Pulmonologist performs specialised diagnostic tests like bronchoscopy to have a clear view of the internal organs of the respiratory system and detect minute anomalies in the first stage. They also evaluate the functioning of the lungs of the patient by performing pulmonary function tests.
There are several specialisations of Pulmonology for treating the respiratory tract patients more efficiently. Few significant specialities include interstitial lung disease, lung transplantation, asthma, obstructive lung disease, neuromuscular disease specialists.
To be a Pulmonologistthe candidate must accomplish 5 and a half year Bachelors degree of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree and a 3-year post-graduate Medicine Doctor (MD) degree in Pulmonology. However, to remain updated in their respective field, the doctors also attend a refreshers course, symposiums, and workshops.
It would be best if you visit a Pulmonologist whenever you experience problems associated with your respiratory system. These include breathing difficulties, persistent cough, and sleep-disordered breathing.
The Pulmonologists havethe skill and qualification to perform many investigations including pulmonary function test, CT scan, chest ultrasound, a sleep study (Polysomnography), chest fluoroscopy, and pleural biopsy.
The Pulmonologist can treat numerous ailments like Asthma, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Occupational Lung Disease, Rheumatoid Lung Disease, and Pulmonary Fibrosis.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) consists of a group of progressive lung ailments like emphysema and chronic bronchitis. They limit the airflow to the lungs, inflame the respiratory tract and damage the lung tissue.
Occupational Lung Diseases are different types of ailments which the industry workers are prone to develop due to the exposure of toxic substances in their work environment.
The consultation fee of the Pulmonologists in Bangalore usually starts from around INR 500. The charges for the different procedures like bronchoscopy, CT Scan, and pulmonary function test varies from clinic to clinic. Here is a table of the average rates in Bangalore.
Detailed below are some of the treatments and investigation procedures the Pulmonologistsperform.
It is an investigation procedure which helps the Pulmonologist to view the internal cells and tissues of the lungs.
Pulmonary Function Test
This test can determine the efficiency of the lungs and assists the doctor in developing an appropriate treatment plan.
It is a highly advanced treatment procedure that helps in delivering medicines to the damaged cells and tissues of the lungs.
It is a state-of-the-art diagnostic process which records the changes occurring in an individual’s body when he sleeps.
CT Scan of Chest
A computerised tomography scan obtains a detailed report about the soft tissues, blood vessels, and bones around the chest.
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