1. What is myopia?
Myopia is a common eye disorder in which, you are able to see near objects clearly; however, the objects which are far appear unclear. It is also termed as nearsightedness or short sightedness. Due to the changes in the shape of the cornea, patients of myopia are not able to focus their eyes on distant objects.
2. What are the symptoms of myopia?
The symptoms of myopia include the following: unable to see far away objects such as road signs, blackboards in the school, television screens properly; headache; a strain on the eyes; squinting of eyes to try focussing on an object; blinking of eyes; and rubbing the eyes frequently.
3. How is myopia diagnosed?
Your eye doctor will carry out eye examination to diagnose myopia. The eye doctor will assess your eye to see your eye health. The doctor will examine your eye refraction by checking if you are able to read the contents situated at a distance with the help of various lenses. Sometimes your doctor may put eye drops in your eyes to make your pupil wide for its examination.
4. Can it be treated?
Yes, treatment options are available for myopia such as: eyeglasses and contact lenses can help you have a clear vision as myopia progresses with age, you need regular check-ups for your eyesight; Ortho k lenses worn only at night to reshape the cornea; and eye surgeon may carry out a laser surgery on your cornea to correct your vision.
5. Can it lead to blindness?
Only in a few cases, myopia may lead to blindness. This may occur if you do not treat the condition or if you do not take proper and regular treatment. In myopia patients with some complications involving the retina may suffer from blindness.