1. What is PCOD?
PCOD is a condition affecting women and is characterised by the enlargement of the ovaries with the formation of small cysts around its edges. It generally begins during the teen years and is caused due to an imbalance in the hormonal levels.
2. What are the tests to be performed to diagnose PCOD?
No specific test is available for the diagnosis of PCOD. Your doctor may recommend clinical examinations such as checking for excess hair growth and tests to determine hormonal imbalance if any. A pelvic examination, ultrasound imaging and blood tests may also be recommended to diagnose PCOD.
3. What are the signs of PCOD?
In addition to missed or irregular menses, difficulty falling asleep, pain in the hip region, hair fall, unwanted facial hair, tiredness, headache, weight gain, acne, infertility and mood swings are other signs of PCOD.
4. Are PCOD & PCOS different?
Although PCOS and PCOD affect the ovaries in women leading to the cyst formation due to hormonal imbalance, the term PCOD is used when there is ultrasonographic evidence. PCOS is the term used for the same condition when it is not confirmed through the imaging techniques but identified based on the symptoms.
5. Is PCOD treatable?
No, it cannot be treated. However, the doctor can provide medicines to relieve the symptoms. Various medicines that are prescribed include a combination of progestin and birth control medicines to regulate periods, gonadotropins to promote ovulation or spironolactone to reduce hirsutism. Certain lifestyle modifications like regular exercise and low-calorie diet may also be recommended.