1. What is myopia?
Myopia is a condition affecting the eyes. In myopia, you will be able to see objects closer to you, but distant objects will appear blurred. Thus, it is also called as nearsightedness. Myopia occurs when the shape of the eyes causes the light rays to bend improperly, leading to the formation of a blurred image on the retina.
2. What are the symptoms of myopia?
You might find it difficult to read the board in school, see distant signs while driving or watch a movie on the TV screen. The following are additional symptoms of myopia:
- Excessive blinking
- Need to partially close the eyelids or strain the eyes to see clearly
- Frequent rubbing of eyes
- Lack of awareness of distant objects
3. How is myopia diagnosed?
Myopia is diagnosed by a basic examination of the eye. Refraction assessment is performed to identify problems related to vision such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. The doctor may use instruments and ask you to read letters through several lenses to assess your near and distant vision. Eyedrops may also be used in your eye to dilate (widen) the pupil for a detailed eye examination.
4. Can it be treated?
Yes, there are several treatments which aim at improving your vision. The treatments include:
- Contact lenses
- Refractive surgeries like LASIK which helps in reshaping the cornea of the eye permanently
5. Can it lead to blindness?
Yes, improperly managed myopia can lead to other conditions of the eye, such as cataract, glaucoma and retinal detachment, leading to loss of vision.