Gynecology is the medical branch that deals with the female reproductive system. Obstetrics is the field of medicine that concentrates on the study of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. So, medical professionals who specialize in both obstetrics and gynecology are called Gynecologist-Obstetrician. They deal with pregnant women throughout the childbirth and also diagnose and treat medical conditions and diseases related to vagina, ovaries, uterus, and breasts.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, the following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be a Gynecologist-Obstetrician:
Following are a few of the conditions that can be treated by Gynecologist-Obstetrician:
Few of the common surgeries and procedures performed by Gynecologist-Obstetrician are:
Follow-ups are recommended as there is a risk of postpartum hemorrhage up to 6 weeks after delivery. In some cases, placenta previa leads to postpartum hemorrhage and the condition needs to get monitored. There may be chances of abscess formation in the pelvic region that causes pelvic inflammatory disease. Hence, it is necessary to have follow-up sessions with the Gynecologists-Obstetrician.
Yes, one can have a pap smear test during their periods. But it is most beneficial to wait till bleeding stops if one’s menstrual flow is heavy. However, five days after the end of periods is the best time to get the pap test done.
Myomectomy is the best effective treatment for uterine fibroids. Obstetricians can perform a myomectomy procedure and suggest various treatment options based on the condition of fibroids. If left untreated, they may increase in size and number.