Urology also referred to as genitourinary surgery is a branch of medicine which involves diagnosis and treatment of diseases of male and female urinary tract system and also male reproductive tract. It also encompasses surgeries related to the urinary tract such as surgery done to remove blockage in urinary tract or get rid of cancer. Urologists treat all parts of male reproductive system i.e. penis, testicles and prostate.
Ideally, Urologists should be consulted for precise diagnosis of diseases related to the urinary tract. Men should consult a urologist if they suffer from problems such as kidney stones, prostate gland enlargement, prostatitis, urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, varicoceles, or enlarged veins in the scrotum, infertility etc. In case of women if problems such as urinary incontinence, kidney stones, UTI, interstitial cystitis, bladder prolapsed etc happen, a urologist should be approached. If your child suffers from problems of bed wetting, problem in structure of urinary tract and undescended testicles, you must immediately consult a urologist
There are several kinds of specializations in urology. Female urology focuses on problem related to female reproductive and urinary tract. There is a urology specialist who focuses on male fertility concerns. Then there is neurourology which lays emphasis on urinary problems which crop up due to nervous system. For urinary problems in children paediatric urology is the way. Urology specialization known urologic oncology focuses on cancer in the urinary system such as bladder cancer, prostate cancer, cancer in testicles etc.
The consultation fees of a Urologist is usually INR 500.
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy INR 15,000-Rs 80,000
Transurethral resection of prostate INR 1,00,000-Rs 2,00,000
Vasectomy INR 85,000- Rs 1,00,000
Urologists perform different kinds of procedures. The most common procedures performed by a urologist are mentioned below:
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy- It encompasses breaking up kidney stones, so that they can be removed from the body without any problem.
Transurethral resection of prostate- In this surgery, excess tissue is removed from an enlarged prostate.
Ureteroscopy- A scope is used to remove stones in ureter and kidney.
Vasectomy – This procedure is done to prevent pregnancy. In this vas deferens are cut and tied so that the sperm does not travel.
Kidney Transplant- In this treatment method, the diseased kidney is replaced with a healthy kidney of a donor