Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine which deals in surgery,physiology and diseases related with eyeball and orbit such as cataract, blurred vision, glaucoma, Macular degeneration, Diabetic Retinopathy. Ophthalmologists perform eye surgeries and prescribe medicines to treat different kinds of eye diseases
An Ophthalmologist needs to be consulted if you feel that there is loss or decrease in vision in one or both of your eyes. Also if you experience conditions such as blurry faces, watery vision, lightning streaks, sudden spots, flashes of light, double vision, wavy lines, haloes around lights, you must visit an ophthalmologist without any delay or your condition can worsen. An early detection of the problem can avoid complications.
There are different specialization areas of an ophthalmologist.Firstly, there are ophthalmologists who just conduct anterior Segment surgeries such as surgery of ciliary body, cornea, iris, lens etc. Then there are ophthalmologists who specialize only in cataract surgery. They aim to cure the refractive errors in eyes.Another category of specialists deal with diseases of only cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, and eyelids. These ophthalmologists work with patients suffering from inflammation in the eyes, corneal dystrophies, microbial infections, or tumour of the conjunctiva or cornea. They perform complex corneal refractive as well as corneal transplant surgeries. Neuro-Ophthalmologists treat damage to optic nerve with help of non-surgical techniques such as orbit surgery etc. Then there are eye specialists who treat glaucoma and disorders which augment intraocular pressure
The consultation fees of an Ophthalmologistusually begin at INR 500/-.
Lasik INR 20,000-Rs 30,000
Cataract Surgery INR30,000- Rs 65,000
Ophthalmologists offer different kinds of treatments as per requirement of the patient.
Cataract Surgery– In cataract the lens of eye becomes foggy and this leads to impaired vision. The ophthalmologist removes the cataract to rectify the vision.
Glaucoma Treatment- Even though glaucoma cannot be cured, surgical procedures are done by ophthalmologists to prevent damage.
Laser Eye surgery- Laser Eye Surgery, also known as Lasik, is done in order to correct conditions such as hyperopia, myopia and Astigmatism.
Treatment for Squint- Eye surgeries are done to remove conditions like squint, droopy eyelids, tear duct obstructions etc.
Paediatric Eye Treatment- Children with cataract or congenital eye deformities require immediate treatment to prevent further complications or regression of the condition.