Frequently Asked Questions
What is Oculoplasty?
Oculoplasty is also known as Oculoplastic surgery or Oculofacial or Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. It is a specialized area of ophthalmology which deals with the area around the eyes. This is used to treat the medical conditions and for cosmetic purposes. Oculoplasty can be performed on the following parts around the eye:
- Eye orbit
- Socket of the eye
- Tear ducts
- Skin around the eye
- Face and forehead
What are the advantages of Oculoplasty?
Oculoplasty can be performed for following aesthetic purposes:
- Eyebrow lifting
- Eyelid lifting
- Repositioning the lower eyelid
- Eyelid regrowth
- Removal of extra skin around the eyelid or excess fat above and below the eyes
- Reposition of the upper and lower eyelids
What are the indications of Oculoplasty?
The following are the indications of Oculoplasty:
- Eyelids that are inward (entropion)
- Eyelids that are outward (ectropion)
- Eye problem due to thyroid disease (Graves disease)
- Skin cancers around the eyes or other growths
- Weakness of the eyelids or around the eyes
- Droopy eyelids (Ptosis)
- Problem with tear ducts
- Eye injury or eye area injury
- Birth defects of the eye or the eye orbit
- Cosmetic purpose
What is the preparation for Oculoplasty?
Following steps are required for an individual for preparation of Oculoplasty:
- Discuss with the Surgeon regarding all the benefits, risks, and complications associated with Oculoplasty.
- If you are using any soft contact lenses then they must be removed at least a week prior to the surgery.
- Avoid having food for at least 6 hours before the surgery. This way the risk of inhaling stomach contents into the lungs will be reduced.
- Also, avoid applying any creams or makeup on the day of surgery.
- Take the medications as instructed by the doctor.
- Don't read, write, or use a mobile phone or computer for about 30 minutes prior to the test.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Oculoplasty?
The following are the post-care steps to be followed after Oculoplasty:
- Do not let soap come into contact with the eyes or at the site of surgery.
- Place ice packs on the operated area to reduce bruising or swelling.
- While sleeping, keep your head higher than your chest on the pillow.
- Do not use lotions, creams, make-up, etc. around the operated area.
- Avoid going for a swim after the surgery at least for a week.
- Do not lift weights or play sports like tennis and racquetball for the next one week after the surgery.
- Avoid going to crowded places and dusty areas to reduce complications after the surgery.
- Use sunglasses if you go out. This may protect you from direct sunlight and sensitivity to light.
- The patient may be asked not to consume alcohol for at least 1-week post-surgery.
- Follow all the instructions given by the doctor.
- There should be follow-up visits to the doctor after this surgery after a week to monitor the condition or to remove any sutures if present.
- If there is intolerable pain that cannot be managed with pain killers or infection at the site of the surgery or if the incision is not healing or separating, bleeding at the site of incision, vision getting worse, consult the doctor immediately.
Who can perform Oculoplasty [Right specialist type for Oculoplasty]?
Oculoplasty can be performed by a certified and skilled Ophthalmologist or an Oculoplastic surgeon. However, it can also be performed by a General Plastic Surgeon or a Maxillofacial Surgeon who is well experienced in cosmetic eye surgery.
What is the cost of Oculoplasty?
Cost of Oculoplasty depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Type of hospital
- Age of the patient
- Type of surgical procedure
- The medical condition of the patient
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- The admission room that you opted for
- Any other lab tests or examination tests such as X-ray, Scanning, etc.
Minimum charges in Mumbai starts from Rs.1,21,000
Average cost in Mumbai is approximately Rs.2,75,000
Maximum price in Mumbai may rise up to Rs.5,50,000
Is Oculoplasty a major surgery or minor surgery?
Oculoplasty can be either major or minor procedure depending on the patient's medical condition and the area to be treated.
What is the eligibility criteria for Oculoplasty?
People who can undergo Oculoplasty are:
- Individuals who are having inward or outward eyelids.
- People who are suffering from thyroid disease that affects the eyes.
- People with weak eyelids around the eyes.
- Individuals who have an eye injury or eye problem due to accidents or birth defects.
- People who are suffering from skin cancer around the eye.
- Individuals who need to change the appearance of the eyes.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Oculoplasty?
People who cannot undergo Oculoplasty are:
- Individuals who are having a poor immune system.
- People with severe eye infections.
What are the risks and complications associated with Oculoplasty?
Risks and Complications associated with Oculoplasty are:
- Tissue sag
- Orbital hemorrhage
- Corneal injury
- Scarring of conjunctiva
How long does it take to complete Oculoplasty?
Oculoplasty may take almost 2-3 hours to complete. Sometimes it may take more than the usual time depending on the condition of the patient.
What is the recovery time?
Individuals who undergo Occuloplasty may take 2 weeks to recover completely.
What is the success rate of Oculoplasty?
The success rate of Oculoplasty depends on the following factors:
- Age of the patient
- The medical condition of the patient
- Type of surgery performed
However, the success rate of Oculoplasty may be75%-95%.
Is Oculoplasty painful?
Every surgery comes with a certain level of pain and some discomfort. You won't be experiencing pain during this process because you will be under general anesthesia. There may be some discomfort after the procedure.
Is Oculoplasty Permanent?
Occuloplasty may be a permanent surgery.
What are the long-term results of Oculoplasty?
- The weakness of facial muscles
- Cancer growths around and in the eye
- Improves the appearance of the eyelids, eyebrows, eye orbit and skin around the eye, etc.
Can Oculoplasty be detected in the future?
Occuloplasty may be detected in the future by comparing the eye photos before and after the surgery.
What are the options if Oculoplasty fails?
If Occuloplasty fails then the doctor may recommend revision surgery.