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Thyroid Gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated in the front of the neck just below Adam’s apple and wrapped around trachea. The conditions that affect this gland are known as Thyroid Disorders and different Thyroid Disorders affect the structure and function of the gland. Thyroid Gland plays an important role in regulating various metabolic processes in the body. Thyroxine also is known as T4 is the primary hormone produced by the gland with the help of iodine. After entering into the bloodstream and into the body’s tissues, the remaining amount of T4 is converted into the most active hormone T3 (Tri-iodothyronine). As the thyroid gland is in control of the pituitary gland and hypothalamus hence any disorder in these glands or tissues can lead to thyroid disorders as well.
There are mainly 5 types of Thyroid Disorders: