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1. What is the anomaly scan?
The anomaly scan is an ultrasound performed in the pregnancy between 18-22 weeks of gestational age. This scan is done to detect growth abnormalities, congenital anomalies and multiple pregnancies.
2. Is anomaly scan safe during pregnancy?
Yes, the anomaly scan is safe during pregnancy. The anomaly scan doesn't harm mother or the baby and it is performed as part of routine prenatal care.
3. Why is the anomaly scan recommended?
Anomaly scan is recommended to look for any birth defects in the baby during the stage of developement inside the womb, like spina bifida, etc. It also gives status of the umbilical cord, placenta, baby's weight and postion.
4. Is an anomaly scan similar to x-ray?
No. Anomaly scan is an ultrasound done in pregnancy which uses high frequency sound waves. It shows the images in real time, and a video can be recorded as it can detect any organ abnormalities. X-rays on the other hand, illustrate changes in bones or other dense structures. Radiographs are static images.
5. What is diagnosed in the anomaly scan?
The anomaly scan is done to detect growth abnormalities, congenital anomalies and multiple pregnancies.The following anomalies are diagnosed in anomaly scan
- cleft lip, spina bifida
- gastroschisis, anencephaly
- exomphalos, renal agenesis, cardiac abnormalities
- Patau's syndrome, Edward's syndrome
- skeletal dysplasia, diaphragmatic hernia
Anomaly Scan is the detailed scan of the fetus and can be performed between 20th to 24th week of the pregnancy. This scan is done to examine the whole fetal body, determine the position of the fetus as well as the placenta, the amount of amniotic fluid, and measurement of fetal growth. Though, special attention is given to the progress of the brain, face, spine, stomach, heart, kidneys, bowel, and limbs. If any deformity or abnormality is seen during the Anomaly Scan, then the case is further discussed with specialists and the couple will be given the chance to further decide the steps of action to be taken.
The Anomaly Scan is done to detect fetal abnormalities or deformities and may not find everything that is or might be wrong. The conditions detected by the scan are:
Yes, the patient can be accompanied by their partner or friend to see the scans. Usually, the hospitals don’t allow children to the scans as there won’t be any child safety. One can contact the facility and inquire about the visitor policies during the scans.
There are no known risks of undergoing scans to the baby or to the mother. But to undergo scans is totally up to the parents-to-be.
No, it is not necessary to undergo this scan. This is up to the couple, some wanna know whether their unborn child has any condition and some do not. Even if the mother decides not to undergo the scan the pregnancy care will be carried out in the same manner as previously.
The sonographer might be able to tell the result while doing the scan.
In most of the cases, the scan shows the growth of the baby as expected. If the scans show some kind of abnormality then the couple is asked to go for further advanced tests to confirm the condition.