Frequently Asked Questions
What is Cystoscopy?
Cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that involves a cystoscope. A cystoscope is a hollow device that contains a lens at the tip. This device is passed through the ureter and slowly into the bladder. With the help of the lens, the live images are sent to the monitor. This will help in examining the lining of the urinary bladder. With the help of cystoscopy, the doctor can monitor, diagnose and treat the disorders in the urinary bladder. There are two types of Cystoscopy. They are:
- Flexible Cystoscopy
- Rigid Cystoscopy
What are the advantages of Cystoscopy?
The following are the advantages of Cystoscopy:
- This helps in identifying the structural abnormalities.
- Inflamed areas can be detected.
- Ulcerations and abnormal growths can be detected.
- Helps in diagnosing bladder stones, interstitial cystitis, cancer, urethral strictures, prostate enlargement, etc.
- Biopsy tissue can also be extracted.
- If cystoscopy is performed for therapeutic purposes then small growths or bladder stones can be removed.
What are the indications of Cystoscopy?
The following are the indications of Cystoscopy:
- Urinary tract infection
- Bladder cancer
- Bladder stones
- Inflammation of the bladder
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Uremia (blood in urine)
What is the preparation for Cystoscopy?
The following are the preparation steps for Cystoscopy:
- The patient may be asked about the present and past medical history and medication history.
- Inform your doctor if you are using any blood thinners or pain killers.
- The previous allergies or allergy to anesthesia should be discussed with the doctor.
- In certain cases, your doctor may prescribe some antibiotics before this procedure. Take the prescribed medicines without fail.
- The doctor may prescribe some urine tests prior to this procedure. Be ready with the test results before the procedure.
- Before going to this procedure, empty the bladder.
What are the steps involved in Cystoscopy?
The following are the steps involved in Cystoscopy:
- The patient may need to lie on their back on the operating table. The feet of the patient are positioned in the stirrups and the knees are bent.
- In some cases, anesthesia or a sedative is given to relax the patient.
- Numbing jelly is applied on the urethra and the cystoscope is inserted into the urethra very gently.
- With the help of a cystoscope, the inner walls of the urethra and bladder are visualized.
- The bladder is filled with a sterile solution which inflates the bladder and will let the doctor have a better picture.
- In some conditions, the tissue sample is also extracted during this procedure.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Cystoscopy?
The following are the postprocedure care for Cystoscopy:
- The patient may take some time to gain consciousness if sedated.
- The patient can go back to their daily activities after one-day.
- After cystoscopy, there may be bleeding from the urethra, blood while urinating, etc. If these conditions are severe, consult the doctor immediately.
- Wipe the urethra with a cloth dipped in warm water to avoid the discomfort. Repeat if needed.
- Drink plenty of water. This will help in flushing out the bladder and can avoid the irritation.
Who can perform Cystoscopy [Right specialist type for Cystoscopy]?
Cystoscopy can be performed by a certified and skilled Urologist who is well experienced in Cystoscopy.
What is the cost of Cystoscopy?
Cost of Cystoscopy depends on factors such as:
- Doctor fee
- Age of the patient
- The medical condition of the patient
- Type of hospital
- Any other lab tests or examination tests such as X-ray, scanning, etc.
Minimum charges in Mumbai starts from Rs.33,000
Average cost in Mumbai is approximately Rs.49,500
Maximum price in Mumbai may rise up to Rs.77,000
Is Cystoscopy major surgery or minor surgery?
Cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure which does not include any incisions and is considered a minor procedure.
What is the eligibility criteria for Cystoscopy?
The following are the eligibility criteria for Cystoscopy:
- Patients with severe urinary problems.
- Patients with recurrent urinary tract infections.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Cystoscopy?
The following are the ineligibility criteria for Cystoscopy:
- Active infections
- Recent injuries at the site of the procedure
What are the risks and complications associated with Cystoscopy?
The following are the risks and complications involved with Cystoscopy:
- Rupture of the bladder walls
How long does it take to complete Cystoscopy?
The complete duration of Cystoscopy is about 15 to 30 minutes. The outpatient cystoscopy may take about 5-15 minutes.
What is the recovery time?
The patient may be able to go home after the procedure and can continue the daily activities after one day of the procedure.
What is the success rate of Cystoscopy?
The success rate of Cystoscopy is very high. It usually varies from 85% to 90%.
Is Cystoscopy painful?
The patient may experience some discomfort when the cystoscope is passed into the bladder through the urethra. As the water fills the bladder, there may be an urge to urinate. There may be a pinching sensation when the biopsy tissue is extracted. After completion of the procedure, there may burning sensation for 1 or 2 days.
Is Cystoscopy Permanent?
Cystoscopy is a procedure used to find the reasons for urinary disorders. This is not a permanent procedure. You may need to repeat this process if the symptoms are seen in the future.
What are the long-term results of Cystoscopy?
There may be some discomfort and a burning sensation for one or two days after the procedure. There are no long-term results involved in this procedure.
Can Cystoscopy be detected in the future?
Cystoscopy is an examining procedure used to check the health of the urethra. This cannot be detected in the future.
What are the alternatives for Cystoscopy?
The following are the alternatives for Cystoscopy:
- CT scan