Frequently Asked Questions
What is Angioplasty?
Angioplasty is a medical procedure that returns the normal blood flow throughout the arteries by widening the narrowed blood vessels and removing the blockages in the blood vessels. Based on the type of plaque [sticky deposit], size and shape of the artery, multiple Angioplasty methods are available and they are:
- PTA of the femoral artery
- Peripheral Angioplasty
- Coronary artery stent
- Stent implantation
- Cerebral Angioplasty
- Laser Angioplasty [Excimer laser coronary angioplasty-ELCA]
- Renal artery Angioplasty
- Balloon Angioplasty
- Carotid artery Angioplasty
What are the advantages connected with Angioplasty?
Following are the advantages of Angioplasty:
- Less invasive procedure
- Short hospitalization
- Restores the normal blood flow
- Lowers the risk of recurrence of a heart attack
- Widens the narrowed blood vessels or arteries
- Decreased blood loss
What are the indications of Angioplasty?
Following are the indications of Angioplasty:
- Proximal lesion
- Obstruction of the blood flow in the renal artery
- Coronary heart disease
- Heart attack
What is the preparation needed for Angioplasty?
- The doctor may ask the patient about the present and past medical and medication history.
- Some tests may be advised by the doctor to check the condition of the blockages.
- The patient should stop eating or drinking before 6 hours of the procedure.
- Discuss with the doctor about all the risks, complications, and benefits associated with the Angioplasty.
- The patient may be asked to sign a consent form before undergoing this procedure.
What are the steps involved in Angioplasty?
Following steps are involved in Angioplasty:
- The patient will be sedated and then, a catheter or small tube will be inserted into the large artery.
- The catheter is slowly directed throughout the artery until the tip approaches the vessel that needed to be checked.
- Now, the contrast dye is injected into the blood vessel through the catheter, and the X-rays of the blood vessels will be taken.
- These X-ray images may be examined by the doctor and a small balloon at the end of the catheter will be inflated and widens the narrowed artery.
- After widening the artery, the balloon will be deflated. In a few cases, a stent will be placed in the obstructed artery for normal blood flow.
What is the Postprocedure care for Angioplasty?
- The patient may need to stay in the hospital for at least 4 hours.
- The patient may feel faint or weak, chest pain, and/or shortness of breath.
- If bleeding is noticed at the incision site, consult the doctor immediately.
Who can perform Angioplasty?
Angioplasty may be performed by:
- Vascular surgeon
- Interventional Cardiologist
What is the cost of Angioplasty in Mumbai?
The Cost of Angioplasty in Mumbai depends on:
- Area of the body to be treated
- The medical condition of the patient
- The admission room that you opted for
- Age of the patient
- Doctor fee
- Type of the hospital
The minimum cost for Angioplasty in Mumbai starts from Rs.55,000
An average cost for Angioplasty in Mumbai is approximately Rs.2,19,000
The maximum cost for Angioplasty in Mumbai is up to Rs.5,55,000
Is Angioplasty a major surgery or minor surgery?
Angioplasty is a major procedure as it involves inserting a catheter directly into the blood vessel.
Who can undergo Angioplasty?
Angioplasty may be recommended to the people who are:
- Suffering from severe atherosclerosis [the blockage of blood vessels]
- With severe chest pain during rest or stress
- Suffering from angina
- At the risk of developing heart disease
Who cannot undergo Angioplasty?
Angioplasty is not done in the individuals who are:
- Suffering from severe kidney disease.
- Patients suffering from high blood pressure along with recent heart surgery.
- Currently on medications such as blood thinners and antiplatelets.
What are the risks and complications involved in Angioplasty?
Risks and complications that are involved in Angioplasty are:
- Heart attack or stroke may occur
- Irregular heartbeats
- Damage to the artery or the heart muscle
- Bleeding at the site of catheter insertion
- Blood clot formation
How long does it take to complete Angioplasty?
It may take almost 30-60 minutes to complete the procedure and sometimes more time depending on the condition of the patient.
What is the recovery time for Angioplasty?
People who undergo Angioplasty along with a stent may be able to walk after 6 hours of the procedure.
What is the success rate of Angioplasty?
The success rate of Angioplasty depends on:
- Experience of the doctor in performing Angioplasty
- The medical condition of an individual
- Age of the patient
However, the success rate of Angioplasty may be approximately 92%.
Is Angioplasty painful?
As it involves the insertion of a catheter in the larger artery, it may cause mild-moderate pain. In a few cases, the patient may be sedated and does not feel any pain during the insertion and extraction of the catheter from the artery.
Is Angioplasty Permanent?
Angioplasty may be a permanent procedure as the stent will remain permanently in the artery.
What are the long-term results associated with the Angioplasty?
The following are the long-term results of Angioplasty:
- Decreases symptoms of the cardiac disease
- Improves the blood supply
- Improves the quality of life of the patient
However, in the future, Angioplasty may cause hypertension and requires revision procedure.
Can Angioplasty be detected in the future?
A stent may be placed in the blocked blood vessel and it can be detected under X-ray examination.
What if Angioplasty fails?
If Angioplasty fails, the doctor may perform open surgery to widen the narrowed or blocked blood vessels.
What are the alternatives for Angioplasty?
Some of the alternatives for Angioplasty are:
- Enhanced external counterpulsation [EECP]
- Anti-cholesterol drugs