Xylometazoline

Description

Xylometazoline is an effective nasal decongestant medicine. It shrinks the blood vessels present in the nose and relieves stuffy nose caused due to allergies, sinus infections, and a common cold.

Side effects

Major & minor side effects for Xylometazoline

  • Burning or stinging sensation at application site
  • Dryness of mouth/throat
  • Dryness of eyes
  • Headache
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Increased heartbeat

Uses of Xylometazoline

What is it prescribed for?

  • Nasal congestion
  • Eye congestion
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Concerns

Commonly asked questions

  • Onset of action
    The effect of this medicine can be observed within 5-10 minutes of administration.
  • Duration of effect
    The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 10 hours.
  • Safe with alcohol?
    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Is it habit forming?
    No habit forming tendencies were reported.
  • Usage in pregnancy?
    This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women. Contact your doctor and discuss the risks associated with the use of this medicine.
  • Usage while breast-feeding?
    The amount of medicine excreted in the breast milk and its effect on the nursing infant is unknown and hence use is not recommended. Consult your doctor and discuss the benefits and risks associated with the use of this medicine.

Allergy

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to Xylometazoline or any other ingredient present with it.

Heart diseases

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a disease of the heart and the blood vessels.
Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women. Contact your doctor and discuss the risks associated with the use of this medicine.

Breast-feeding

The amount of medicine excreted in the breast milk and its effect on the nursing infant is unknown and hence use is not recommended. Consult your doctor and discuss the benefits and risks associated with the use of this medicine.
General warnings

Increase in blood pressure

Use of this medicine may cause and increase in the blood pressure levels and hence should be used with caution in patients who are hypertensive.

Heart disease

Use of this medicine has been associated with an increased risk of adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and hence should be used with caution if you have an active disease of the heart.

Thyroid gland disorder

This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering from a disorder of the thyroid gland. You might need to undergo certain tests to determine the safe and effective use of this medicine.

Diabetes

Use of this medicine can alter the blood sugar levels and hence should be used with caution in patients who are diabetic.

Difficulty in urination

Use of this medicine can cause pain and difficulty in urination for patients having an enlarged prostate gland. It should be used with caution in such cases.

Prolonged usage

This medicine should not be used for more than 3 times a day as prolonged exposure may cause the congestion to recur or worsen.

Neurosurgery

This medicine is not recommended for use if you have recently had a surgery to remove pituitary gland tumor or other surgeries that may expose the outer layers of the brain.

Missed Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose then the missed dose can be skipped.

Overdose

Contact your doctor if an overdose with this medicine is suspected. The symptoms may be more severe if the medicine is ingested orally.
All drugs interact differently for person to person. You should check all the possible interactions with your doctor before starting any medicine.
Interaction with Alcohol

Description

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Instructions

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Medicine

Linezolid

Sibutramine

Disease interactions

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

This medicine should be used with caution in patients having an enlarged prostate gland. Prolonged use and a high dose of this medicine should be avoided in such cases. Report any instance of increased difficulty in urination to the doctor.

Heart and blood vessel disorder

This medicine should be used with caution in patients suffering a disease of the heart and the blood vessels. Do not exceed the dose amount recommended by the doctor.

Diabetes

This medicine should be administered with caution in patients having diabetes. You may require a dose adjustment and more frequent monitoring of blood sugar levels while using this medicine.
Food interactions
Information not available.
Lab interactions
Information not available.
Take Xylometazoline following all the directions on the label or the package insert. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for a prolonged duration. It should not be taken more than three times a day. Contact your doctor if symptoms do not improve after 5 days of use.
Miscelleneous

Usage does not depend on food timings

To be taken as instructed by doctor

May cause sleepiness

How it works
This medicine works by shrinking the blood vessels in the nasal passages.
Legal Status

Approved

Approved

Approved

Approved

Classification

Category

Nasal antihistamines and decongestants

Schedule

OTC

[Internet]. 2017 [cited 26 May 2017]. Available from:

https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/medicine/21058

DailyMed - xylometazoline hcl spray [Internet]. Dailymed.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 26 May 2017]. Available from:

https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=b70ba985-2894-493f-a4cf-c9102fe36d97

Xylometazoline - DrugBank [Internet]. Drugbank.ca. 2017 [cited 26 May 2017]. Available from:

https://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB06694

Xylometazoline | C16H24N2 - PubChem [Internet]. Pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 26 May 2017]. Available from:

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/5709#section=Top

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Information on this page was last updated on 8 Jan 2018

Disclaimer

We’ve made all possible efforts to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, however, it should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Practo only provides reference source for common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. The absence of a warning for any drug or combination thereof, should not be assumed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Practo does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided above. If you have any doubts about your medication then we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, nurse or healthcare provider. See detailed T&C here.